4th Grade 
Common Core History

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Historical Thinking and Skills

1. The order of significant events in Ohio and the United States can be shown on a timeline.

2. Primary and secondary sources can be used to create historical narratives.


  1. Ohio Time Line   Order of events in Ohio
  2. Constitution Time Line  (Flash)  Outstanding
  3. Ohio History Time Line
  4. An Online Encyclopedia of Ohio history time line
  5. Ohio Time Line of State History
  6. U.S. History Time Line
  7. American History Time Line
  8. United States Time Line
  9. U.S. History Time Line  (Fact Monster)
  10. Creating the Constitution Outstanding presentation of the foundation of our country.
  11. The Constitution - Flash Presentation
  12. The Constitution --  Interactive presentation.
  13. The Constitution -- Interactive Quiz
  14. The Original American Minds that created the Constitution.
  15. Bill of Rights interactive game 4 star
  16. Comparison of Various State Preambles with the United States Constitution Preamble.
  17. So help me God- Reflection on the Military Oath
  18. The Time Machine - This U.S. Mint site has twelve hyperlinked dates, each one tells a story. Outstanding!  
  19. An index of timelines
  20. Customize your own timeline - This free service is offered by OurTimeLines.com. They request that webmasters not link to the timeline generator. Therefore you must go to the bottom of their page where you see the phrase, Ready to check it out? Just... Click Here!
  21. Make your own Timeline, thanks to Teachnology - (scroll past the membership information) Their generator can be used to make time lines of up to 9 events of your choice. Select either a horizontal or vertical timeline.
  22. Ohio History Central (resource site)
  23. The Evolution of Ohio
  24. Freedom Timeline (printable PDF)
  25. Timeline Resources
  26. Ohio Historical Resources
  27. Video-Pledge of Allegiance Each line is explained in this video.  The video is presented by U.S. Marine Lance Corporal Eric Montgomery  4 Star
  28.  Video The American Flag   presented by Lt. Robert Doyle United States Marine Corps.
    4 star
  29. Ben's Guide to government
  30. Fact finding site General
  31. Fact Finding Site Ohio
  32. The first OHIO Constitution
  33. Government of Ohio Power Point
  34. Constitution   Video  2 Min.
  35. Oregon Trail - Website
  36. Oregon Trail - Game     The year is 1848 and you are about to embark on a 2000 mile journey across North America from Independence, Missouri to Oregon Country on the Pacific.
  37. Oregon Trail Game - 2
  38. Map of the Oregon Trail

3. Various groups of people have lived in Ohio over time including prehistoric and historic American Indians, migrating settlers and immigrants. Interactions among these groups have resulted in both cooperation and conflict.

4. The 13 colonies came together around a common cause of liberty and justice, uniting to fight for independence during the American Revolution and to form a new nation.

5. The Northwest Ordinance established a process for the creation of new states and specified democratic ideals to be incorporated in the states of the Northwest Territory.

6. The inability to resolve standing issues with Great Britain and ongoing conflicts with American Indians led the United States into the War of 1812. Victory in the Battle of Lake Erie contributed to American success in the war.

7. Sectional issues divided the United States after the War of 1812. Ohio played a key role in these issues, particularly with the anti-slavery movement and the Underground Railroad.

8. Many technological innovations that originated in Ohio benefited the United States.





  1. Ohio History Temper Mound
  2. Daily Life in Ohio up to 1903  This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain the everyday experiences of Ohioans and emphasizes their home and family life.
  3. The Underground Railroad  An interactive map to see the Slave States and the Free States during the Civil War. Also shows the path that people followed for the Underground Railroad.
  4. Historic American Indian lessons
  5. Jeopardy  The French & Indian War Smart Notebook lesson
  6. Web page on The French & Indian War.
  7.  French and Indian War.
  8.  Along the Ohio Trail
  9.   American Indians in Ohio
  10.   History of Ohio Indians
  11.   Indian Mounds
  12.  What Is It? To find out more about daily life in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, pictures of everyday items are shown. Students try to guess what each one is and how it was used. Then they can click on the picture to find out what it is and neat information about it.
  13. How America Began (printal PDF)
  14. Colonial America lesson ideas
  15. Many links to lessons and resources over American Revolution
  16. Northwest Ordinance lesson (printable PDF)
  17. America on the Move  At this excellent site you can read about how transportation shaped the lives, landscapes, culture, and communities of America. You can examine the changes brought by transportation networks, play some cool games, and check out lots of other resources from the National Museum of American History. There are also excellent teacher guides available for each section.
  18. War of 1812 Unit (printable PDF)
  19. Info on Oliver Perry and Battle of Lake Erie
  20. More Famous People
  21. Lesson resources for Underground Railroad
  22. How to create an Undercover Power Point presentation
  23. Cultural Groups in Ohio  PDF
  24. Ohio History Central
  25. People of the Past   PDF
  26. Along the Ohio trail  PDF
  27. The order of significant events in Ohio  PDF
  28. An Archaeological History of Northeast Ohio

  29.  Technology and Innovation from Ohio
  30. Ohio Inventors (printable PDF lesson)
  31. How Ohioians Changed the World
  32. Jeopardy  The French & Indian War Smart Notebook lesson
  33.  Smart board quiz on Ohio Indians and French Indian war  * special
  34. Web page on The French & Indian War.
  35.  Facilitator Web page  Video-Worksheets-Smart board lesson


Spatial Thinking
and Skills


9. A map scale and cardinal and intermediate directions can be used to describe the relative location of physical and human characteristics of Ohio and the United States.






  1. Temperate Zone maps - North America - South America - Europe - Asia
  2. Getting Lost
  3. Create A map   Design a Town Map and printout  PDF
  4. Create A map   Design a treasure map and Printout  PDF
  5. World Map  The map has physics implemented so it can quickly be scrolled from one part to another with a flick of the finger on the whiteboard – tap again to stop the scroll.  Mark points of interest using the 3 different colored map pins.
  6. Can You Read a Map? - Use a map to answer questions
  7. Where is Japan - Students use the four cardinal directions to find real places on a map. (Author - Sandi King)
  8. Types of Maps  This fantastic site has loads of information on maps, types of maps, and legends, including online lessons, pictures, diagrams, labs, a dictionary, a review test, and a printable teacher guide in Acrobat format.
  9. Weather Map game  In this game the student has to place five weather symbols on a map to show the appropriate condition in five cities. The cities are randomly generated each time so the game can be played over and over. UK
  10. How Maps Work This web page uses colorful animations to illustrate how maps relate to their real-life places and objects
  11.  Map Games   You will find quite a few games that will allow the students to learn and have fun at the same time.  You will find map games for many different grade levels.  Please choose the correct one for you.  THIS IS AN OUTSTANDING SITE.
  12. Maps and Mapping
Places and Regions

10. The economic development of the United States continues to influence and be influenced by agriculture, industry and natural resources in Ohio.

11. The regions of the United States known as the North, South and West developed in the early 1800s largely based on their physical environments and economies.




  1. Daily life  Influenced by surroundings.
  2. Farm Aid   Website showing problems and solving them.
  3. Ohio Markets (printable PDF lesson)
  4. Current Ohio Economics Report (content resource)
  5. Why Does Ohio Specialize and Trade? (printable PDF lesson)
  6. Improvements in Transportation and Increase in Expansion (content resource)
Human Systems

12. People have modified the environment since prehistoric times. There are both positive and negative consequences for modifying the environment in Ohio and the United States.

13. The population of the United States has changed over time, becoming more diverse (e.g., racial, ethnic, linguistic, religious). Ohio’s population has become increasingly reflective of the cultural diversity of the United States.

14. Ohio’s location and its transportation systems continue to influence the movement of people, products and ideas in the United States




  1. Different Tribes - Compare daily life of Native American tribes from different regions and times. (Author - Laurie Ayers)
  2.  Checking for clues  What conclusions can you draw based on this evidence? ... Human Record Humans Record Changes The records and activities of people provide information about Illinois environments and climate.
  3. Changes in Ohio Environments (printable PDF lesson)
  4. People and Endangered Species
  5. Moving People Products and ideas
  6. Systems of transportation
  7. Global envision
  8. Global Transformations
  9. Reaching out to diverse populations
  10. Understanding Culture and Diversity in Building Communities

  11. Cultural Groups in Ohio Lessons (printable PDF lesson)
  12. Human Migration: The Story of a Community's Culture  (also in third grade)
  13. Community Cultural Trunk (needs modified from Utah)  (also in third grade)
  14. Journey to Cultural Competence - TLC                      Discuss cultural competence and why it is especially important in health care. ... *Includes American Indian/Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, ...
  15. Improvements in Transportation and Increase in Expansion



Civic Participation and Skills

15. Individuals have a variety of opportunities to participate in and influence their state and national government. Citizens have both rights and responsibilities in Ohio and the United States.

16. Civic participation requires individuals to make informed and reasoned decisions by accessing and using information effectively.

17. Effective participants in a democratic society engage in compromise


  1.  A balancing act    This student activity explores the local community showing that community membershave social and political responsibilities and that individuals make the community a better place by solving problems
  2. Exploring our Community
  3. Community Lessons
  4. Creating a Community
  5. Responsibilities and Rights
  6. Rights and Responsibilities (printable PDF lesson)
  7. Being an Informed Voter (printable PDF lesson)
  8. Constitution Convention
  9. Compromise of the Century (content resource)
  10. 130 General Assembly  You will discover many items on this page to show your students.
  11. Constitution of the State of Ohio   This is in PDF format.
  12. Constitution of the state of Ohio 1851 This is an historical site.
  13. Ohio Government - Site
  14. Liberty Day  is a nonprofit, non partisan organization dedicated to providing educators with tools and resources they need to effectively teach the contents of the U.S. Constitution to their students.
  15. Constitution Day   Free online resources
  16. The Constitutional Framework of Ohio State Government.  PDF
Rules and Laws 

18. Laws can protect rights, provide benefits and assign responsibilities.

19. The U.S. Constitution establishes a system of limited government and protects citizens’ rights; five of these rights are addressed in the First Amendment.






  1. Being a Responsible Citizen
  2. Laws what are they good for?
  3. Necessity of rules and laws
  4. Creating a Bill of Rights in Space
  5. Candy Game (printable PDF lesson)
  6. Planet Lawlessness (printable PDF lesson)
  7. The First Amendment (printable PDF lesson)
  8. Blogging the Bill of Rights (printable PDF lesson)

Roles and Systems of Government

20. A constitution is a written plan for government. Democratic constitutions provide the framework for government in Ohio and the United States.

21. The Ohio Constitution and the U.S. Constitution separate the major responsibilities of government among three branches.



  1. Government is a body that has authority
  2. Separation of Powers       make decisions about governing O- develop ideas for laws and the ... in the community can have the power to invent, create and then enforce laws at their .... Ministers control government departments and authorities that enforce statute law.
  3. The Invaders (printable PDF lesson)
  4. Constitution for Kids  (resource info)
  5. Civics Today    Citizens agree to follow a set of rules and to accept a government's authority. Government is needed to make and enforce laws and decisions for its citizens. ... With such a large population, the United States must have a representative
  6. Crossword Puzzle
  7. Ben's Guide to the Branches of Government

Economic Decision Making and Skills

22. Tables and charts help people to understand information and issues. Tables organize information in columns and rows. Charts organize information in a variety of visual formats (pictures, diagrams, graphs).


  1. Popcorn Economics
  2. Going Camping
  3. Competition Pizza
  4. Colonial Workers Web  PDF
  5. Market to Market
  6. Old Toy - New Market
  7. How Much is that Doggy
  8. Family Charts and Graph Printable activity

Production and

23. Entrepreneurs organize productive resources and take risks to make a profit and compete with other producers.





  1. 1. Little Bill the Producer! - This lesson (from EconEd Link) teaches the most basic vocabulary about production. People who make goods and provide services are called producers.
  2. Popcorn Economics
  3. Going Camping
  4. Competition Pizza
  5. Colonial Workers Web  PDF
  6. Market to Market
  7. Old Toy - New Market
  8. How Much is that Doggy
  9. Entrepreneur Classroom Activities

Financial Literacy

24. Saving a portion of income contributes to an individual‘s financial well-being. Individuals can reduce spending to save more of their income.




  1. Old Toy - New Market
  2. How Much is that Doggy
  3. Money comes and Money goes
  4. Clickety Clack, Let's Keep Track
  5. ABC's of Savings