6th Grade-Social Studies 



People in Societies

Geography Economics Government

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities


Social Studies Skills and Methods


(Based on the State
of Ohio Standards)
1.  Construct a multiple-tier time line from a list of events and interpret the relationships between the events.
  1. Hyper History -This is a very detailed timeline covering people and events from all of history. Many items in the timeline are clickable for additional info. This is a good example of a timeline for students and a useful resource.
  2. An index of Timelines from Internet4Classrooms
  3. Customize your own timeline - This free service is offered by OurTimeLines.com. They request that webmasters not link to the timeline generator. Therefore you must go to the bottom of their page where you see the phrase, Ready to check it out? Just... Click Here!
  4. Make your own Timeline at Teachnology - (scroll past the membership information) Their generator can be used to make time lines of up to 9 events of your choice. Select either a horizontal or vertical timeline.
  5. Millennium - 1000 years of History - Experience the people, events and achievements that have shaped the world. Timelines, in pop-up windows, are available in each century
  6. Millennium Milestones - The 100 Most Significant Events of the Last Thousand Years
  7. Year by Year 1900 to 2003 from InfoPlease
2.  Arrange dates in order on a time line using the conventions of B.C. and A.D. or B.C.E. and C.E.
  1. World History -1000–2002
  2. Interactive Historical Timelines from WhoWhatWhen. This site contains a database of people and events from 1000 A.D. to the present. With this site you can create graphic timelines of periods in history and of the lives of individuals
3.  Describe the early cultural development of humankind from the Paleolithic Era to the revolution of agriculture including:

a.      Hunting and gathering;

b.      Tool making;

c.       Use of fire;

d.      Domestication of plants and animals;

e.       Organizing societies; 

f.        Governance.

  1. Agricultural Revolution Student Module -This web site dealing with the agricultural revolution includes sections on "Hunting and Gathering", "Emergence of Agriculture", "Domestication", "Social Consequences" and more.
  2. Flints and Stones: Real Life in Prehistory -This web site explains the daily life of hunter-gatherers and includes a food quiz to see if students know what was safe to eat.
  3. History of Food and Agriculture -This web site from the Agropolis Museum teaches about the agro-food development, mostly in the euro-Mediterranean region. The pre-agricultural times section of the site corresponds to collecting, hunting, and fishing people of the Paleolithic and Mesolithic periods. Agricultural times begins with the development of agriculture simultaneously at six points in the world.
  4. The Life and Times of Early Man -This is a cute and easy to read site that covers lots about early man and includes many useful links.
  5. Stone Age Diet activity -This printable activity has students eat a Stone Age Diet for several days to learn about how early man lived.
4.  Compare the geographic, political, economic and social characteristics of the river civilizations in the Tigris and Euphrates (Mesopotamia), Nile (Egypt), Huang Ho and Indus valleys before 1000 B.C. including:

a.      Location;  

b.      Government;

c.       Religion;

d.      Agriculture;

e.       Cultural and scientific contributions.

  1. Ancient Egyptian Number Hieroglyphs  A great site allowing you to learn about the many characteristics of Egyptians and their mathematics (Covers many areas of ancient Egypt.) 4 Star 
  2. History of Religion   Great site for the birth of Religions  4 Star
  3. Religion  65 million years ago to present plus more
  4. Eternal Egypt  This is one fantastic site that will allow the teacher and student to explore Egypt in the past - and present with live videos.  4 Star
  5. Imperial religion  See the spread of religion
  6. Mummy - The ancient Egyptians believed that the body of the deceased needed to be preserved so that the soul could recognize it after death.  This website will take you on a journey to do just that.  Caution this site is not for the weak of heart. Website is provided by:  Mrs. Cleary
  7. Egyptian Tomb Adventure   Join the expedition to explore an Egyptian tomb. Children will need to decipher hieroglyphs and examine various artefacts including a mummy. The site has the potential to be a whole class activity
  8. Making Mummies and Sarcophagi
    This workshop involves making a Plasticine model of a mummy, wrapping it in modroc and then making a cast of the mummy to form the sarcophagus
  9. Mummies of Ancient Egypt  This website goes into detail of mummies from Egypt
  10. Explore a Mummies Tomb  You will have light and hits but you will also have limited time to discover who is buried.
  11. Mummy Maze   You have to escape the mummy and get out with your life.
  12. Smart Board Lesson  by Elizabeth Bowers  SB
  13. Ancient Egypt -This web site covers Hierogyphs, Ancient Egyptian Religion, Ancient Egyptian Government, Ancient Egyptian Monuments, and a Time Line.
  14. Hammurabi's Code -This cute web site has the text of Hammurabi's Code, activities for students, links to other sites, and good ideas for teachers.
  15. Mesopotamia -Explore the geography, trade, writing, government, architecture, farming, science, warfare, and religion of the ancient Mesopotamian civilizations of Sumer, Babylon and Assyria. There are separate "chapters" for each with stories (many illustrated), maps and activities.
  16. Mesopotamia - Mr. Dowling's Electronic Passport -This easy to read web site contains sections on The Fertile Crescent, Civilization, The Sumerians, Numbering Years, Writing, Hammurabi, The Assyrians, and Cool Mesopotamia Links
  17. Ancient Tablets, Ancient Graves: Assessing Women's Lives in Mesopotamia -Using excerpts from ancient cuneiform tablets Lynn Reese, Director of the Women in World History Project, asks students to evaluate the quality and the characteristics of women's lives in Ancient Mesopotamia. The information literacy skills taught in this lesson are interpreting and evaluating primary source documents.
  18. Indus River valley Civilization -This site has a slide show of the archeological digs in the Indus River valley.
  19. Aton-Ra: The Lost Statue game at Funschool -This is a cute online game where students hunt for a missing statue while learning about ancient Egypt and language skills such as spelling, homonyms, prefixes, and suffixes.
  20. History of Religion   Great site for the birth of Religions
  21. Egyptian Map    Fun to try and find all areas of Egypt
  22. Egyptian Calculator -  Add subtract multiply and divide
  23. Ancient Egyptian timeline


5.  Describe the characteristics of Maya, Inca, Aztec and Mississippian civilizations including:

a.      Location; 

b.      Government;

c.       Religion; 

d.      Agriculture;

e.       Cultural and scientific contributions.

  1. Smart Board Lesson   Created by Elizabeth Bowers  SB
  2. Mr. Donn.org ancient Mayas -Excellent source for information about the Mayas. Many links to other great sites.
    (Contributed by: Jeffery Welker)
  3. Mystery of the Maya -This site by the Canadian Museum of Civilization was developed to support the Imax film of the same name but is rich enough to stand on its own with loads of information about the Maya civilization.
  4. Maya Adventure -The Science Museum of Minnesota presents Maya Adventure, a World-Wide Web site that highlights science activities and information related to ancient and modern Maya culture. Maya Adventure includes images from the Science Museum's anthropological collections and activities developed by the Science Museum's education division.
  5. Conquistadors -Conquistadors On-line will lead you through an exploration of the Spanish conquest of the New World. A timeline of events and disease demonstrate the devastation wrought by the European contact with Native Peoples. You will learn about Inca and Aztec culture, life and times as well as some brief information about Atahualpa and Montezuma.
  6. The Adena: North America’s Native People-An overview of the Adena tribe and their custom of mound building and the tribe’s production of material goods.
  7. Maya adventure, with links to images-Students begin with a log book to record their adventure. From that starting point, students can travel to different locations of the empire. After they choose a location students will take part in several activities and view pictures of the location, artwork, and more. The highlight activity was dissolving chalk to demonstrate how caves were formed out of limestone. There is a wealth of pictures on the site from which students could research and explore the society.
  8. Prehistoric Indian cultures in Ohio-This resource gives good information on the Native American tribes of Ohio, pre-Columbian, through present day. It covers their way of life, role in the history of the United States, and modern activities.
  9. The Hopewell Culture-This resource would support lessons on moundbuilders of the Mississippi Valley.
  10. Serpent Mound-This link will direct you to a content resource on the Serpent Mound, which has information, maps and pictures.

People in Societies

1.  Compare the cultural practices and products of the societies studied including:

a.      Class structure;

b.      Gender roles;

c.       Beliefs;

d.      Customs and traditions.

  1. Native American Spirituality - "Their beliefs and practices form a integral and seamless part of their very being"
  2. Ancient Egyptian Cultural Exhibition - Multilink site covering many spi's
  3. Body Language - Learn the body language of many different cultures.
  4. Gullah Language & Culture - a blend of African and Elizabethan English.
  5. Kids Port.  Great site to assist in all areas
  6. Native Americans - Many different Native American groups lived in North America. Click on an area of the map to learn about life in that region.
  7. Differences between Chinese and American culture - presented in table format
  8. Some differences between Thai and Western cultures - a document distributed to project members volunteering to help in Thai cultures This is an Adobe Acrobat document
  9. Agriculture
  10. Desert People of the Past - how these people developed their environment to fit their needs
  11. Biotic change on the Colorado Plateau - Human activities may be unprecedented in their impact on biotic communities.
  12. Physical systems vs human systems - How physical and ecological systems affect human beings and their activities.
2.  Compare world religions and belief systems focusing on geographic origins, founding leaders and teachings including:

a.      Buddhism;  

b.      Christianity; 

c.       Judaism;

d.      Hinduism;

e.       Islam.

  1. Western Religions - Mr. Dowling's Electronic Passport -This easy to read site covers western religions including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
  2. Major Religions of the World - Ranked by Number of Adherents
  3. Major Christian Beliefs - An introduction to the beliefs of Christianity
  4. Introduction into Islam
  5. The Essence of Buddhism
  6. The Life of the Budda - Buddha encouraged people to follow a path of balance rather than extremism.
  7. The Life of Moses - Moses is the founder of the Jewish people, and the leader who freed them from slavery in Egypt
  8. Moses at the Millennium - "He is the first and greatest of the prophets, and it is to him that God reveals the Law that rules the Jews (and the Christians) to this day"
  9. Prophet Mohammed - "He silently converted people to his faith through his strong personality, charming demeanor and force of divine virtues."
3.  Explain factors that foster conflict or cooperation among countries:

a.      Language; 

b.      Religion; 

c.       Types of government;

d.      Historic relationships;

e.       Economic interests.

  1. Frequently used Hieroglyphs -A quick reference to frequently used hieroglyphs.
  2. Buddhist art and trade routes-This website was build to explain the beliefs, origins, and culture of Buddhist. It describes the spread of Buddhism by allowing students to explore maps that outline the paths in which Buddhism was spread; and how its art was disseminated into other cultures along the trade routes of Asia.
  3. Egyptian Name Translator  Type in your name then using Smart Board camera you can paste it
  4. Your Name in Chinese
1.  Place countries, cities, deserts, mountain ranges and bodies of water on the continents on which they are located.
  1. Smart Board Lesson  Created by: Chris Lyman
  2. Maps charts and videos.    This webpage will be updated as required to allow your students to view the world as we know it today.  You will be pleasantly surprised at how informative and accurate this web page is.
  3. Test your Geography Knowledge     Great website allowing the student to answer questions.
  4. Where in the World game -In this interactive game students identify where countries are on a world map.
  5. GeoSense Game -GeoSense is an online geography based game. You play by yourself or compete against an online opponent to place a city on a map as quickly and accurately as you can. The maps include the United States, Europe, and the World. A fun and effective way of improving place name geography skills. There are no ads, banners, fees, etc, although you do have to make up a username and password to play.
  6. Countries in the World Information on countries throughout the world. It includes basic information on each country, maps, geography and much more.
  7. Earth From Space-This is an interesting instructional resource that allows users to look up selected world cities and view images from NASA.
  8. The Physical Environment Distributed Arts-Included are: General Maps, Atmosphere Maps, Hydrosphere Maps, Biosphere Maps, and Lithosphere Maps. Other links included are to visualizations of Earth systems, a glossary of geographic terms, a blog, podcasts, virtual field trips, and Earth Online from the University of Wisconsin.
2.  Use coordinates of latitude and longitude to locate points on a world map.
  1. USA Latitude and Longitude Activity - from Enchanted Learning
  2. Look up the latitude and longitude of states in the U.S.
  3. Latitude and longitude - online Quiz
  4. Label the Latitude and Longitude – a world map from Enchanted Learning (a dull and boring page for the teacher)
  5. Latitude and Longitude Printout Glossary - to be used with the world map above.
  6. World map to use in latitude & longitude study - World Latitude and Longitude Activity to go with the map .
  7. World Latitude and Longitude Outline Map - from Enchanted Learning
  8. Go to Enchanted Learning Software's Search page and enter latitude and longitude. You will find dozens of printable pages
  9. Latitude and Longitude - Introduction
  10. Look-Up Latitude and Longitude – USA-This resource lists the longitude and latitude of major cities in all 50 states of the United States. This resource would support lessons requiring students to plot coordinates or identify the coordinates of a assigned cities.
  11. View the Earth Live     If you click on this link you will branch to an assortment of satellites that are transmitting live coverage of the Earth.   To view North American you may click on AMC-4 (GE-4) this will give you longitude and latitude as well as distance above the Earth.  4-Star
3.  Explain the distribution patterns of economic activities and how changes in technology, transportation, communication and resources affect those patterns including:

a.      Agriculture;

b.      Mining;

c.       Fishing;

d.      Manufacturing.

4.  Identify and describe a variety of physical and human regions by analyzing maps, charts and graphs that show patterns of characteristics that define regions.  
5.  Describe ways human settlements and activities are influenced by environmental factors and processes in different places and regions including:

a.      Bodies of water;

b.      Landforms;

c.       Climates;

d.      Vegetation;

e.       Weathering;

f.        Seismic activity.

6.  Describe ways in which human migration has an impact on the physical and human characteristics of places including:

a.      Urbanization;

b.      Desertification;

c.       Deforestation.

  1. Cities of Today, Cities of Tomorrow -This site has units describing the growth, expansion, and consequences of urbanization in history, with possible solutions. Text include city profiles, pictures, and activities for students.
  2. Population growth per state.   This is a must see example of how information may be witnessed and presented using a graph.   See the growth per state and make your logic comparisons.


7.  Describe ways humans depend on and modify the environment and the positive and negative consequences of the modifications including:

a.      Dam building;

b.      Energy production/usage;

c.       Agriculture;

d.      Urban growth.

8.  Explain push and pull factors that cause people to migrate from place to place including:

a.      Oppression/Freedom;

b.      Poverty/Economic opportunity;

c.       Cultural ties;

d.      Political conflicts;

e.       Environmental factors.

  1.  Migration: Why People move  Reviews the reasons humans move around the planet.
  2. Peopling North America: Population Movements and Migration.
  3.   Why do people migrate? Explains why people migrate, covering the economic, social, political and environmental push/pull factors.
  4.  African-American migration   Focuses on the African-American migration experience as well as links that cover western and northern migration; the great migration; Caribbean migration; and the Haitian migration.
  5.  Listing of various websites   An independent think tank dedicated to the study of the movement of people.  Offers links to look at various countries such as North America, Africa, Asia, Europe, South America and the Oceania.
  6. Population growth per state.   This is a must see example of how information may be witnessed and presented using a graph.   See the growth per state and make your logic comparisons.


9.  Identify and explain primary geographic causes for world trade including the uneven distribution of natural resources.  


1.  Explain how the availability of productive resources and entrepreneurship affects the production of goods and services in different world regions.
  1. Center for Economics Education -Information about the availability of productive resources and how entrepreneurship affects the production of goods and services is well stated
2.  Explain that most decisions involve trade-offs and give examples.
  1. Trade Off-in-depth glossary of political and economic terms that offer clear explanation and examples for student and teacher use.
  2. Opportunity Cost-This website provides a definition of opportunity cost and links to other economic terminology.
  3. Opportunity Cost Shop-This site provides a short and quick definition of opportunity cost. Two real world examples of the term are made available to the student, which allows them to practice what they have learned.
3.  Explain why trade occurs when individuals, regions and countries specialize in what they can produce at the lowest opportunity cost and how this causes both production and consumption to increase.
  1. Interdependence-This link provided a graphic example of economic interdependence using the process of building of a home. This site would work well at the beginning of a unit that introduces students to this concept.
  2. Way Nations Trade-This instructional resource presents a difficult subject for many 6th grade students to understand (trade and globalization) and teaches it in such a way that it is both fun for students and easy for them to understand. Students first learn about comparative and absolute advantages in trade. On day 2, students are divided into groups (countries) and are allowed to find certain strengths in 2 of 4 areas. As a group, students are then to decide what they should produce to best thrive in trade.
  3. You want to be president   This is an outstanding website showing you how to make smart choices. 4 star
4.  Identify goods and services that are imported and exported and explain how this trade makes countries interdependent.
  1. NationMaster – Interdependence -This is a lesson on the United States' interdependence on other countries for trade. Students are asked to identify the country of origin of their personal belongings, and then locate these countries on a world map. They then look at statistics dealing with the top 10 countries with which the United States trades (imports and exports). After identifying these countries they again label them on world maps.
5.  Describe how supply and demand help to set the market clearing price for goods and services and how prices reflect the relative scarcity of goods and services.
  1. Hot Shot Business -Become your own entrepreneur with this great start your own business online game. Choose businesses such as a skate park or comic book store and decide financing, marketing, customer needs, and other business components in hopes to make a profit!
    (Submitted by Kurt Huffman)
  2. Supply and Demand-Students will engage in a simulation using tokens to determine market value and how prices reflect the relative scarcity of goods.
6.  Distinguish between goods and services typically produced by the private sector and the public sector.
  1. What is a Public Good -Using this web site teacher’s are provided with current information about public verses private goods.
  2. No Fireworks on the 4th of July
  3. Schools for Sale-This lesson is for 6th graders addresses the Government and the Economy by distinguish between goods and services typically produced by the private sector and the public sector.
  4. Some are private, some are not-This lesson provides a good introduction to a 6th grade economics lesson that focuses upon the connection between the Government and the Economy (indicators 5 and 6). Several activities are included which could easily be adapted to fit any community if so desired.


1.  Explain reasons for the creation of governments such as: 

a.      Protecting lives, liberty and property;

b.      Providing services that individuals cannot provide for themselves.

2.  Describe how the world is divided into countries that claim sovereignty over territory, and countries may be further divided into states or provinces that contain cities and towns.
  1. Mapping of South America -This lesson is a very good introduction to South America. In it, students are asked to brainstorm what they already know about the continent and then are broken down into groups to study various parts of the continents geography. Students will work in groups in which they will draw maps and answer a series of questions relating to their assigned topics.
3.  Explain the ways that countries interact with each other including:

a.      Diplomacy; 

b.      Treaties;

c.       International meetings and exchanges (e.g., United Nations);

d.      Military conflict.

  1. Making treaties and weaving wampum -This is a lesson on the relationships built between Native Americans and early American government structures. Students are asked to create a timeline of the treaties made between Native American tribes and various governmental entities in the early history of the U.S.
4.  Describe the defining characteristics of democracies, monarchies and dictatorships.
  1. Comparing Monarchy,Oligarchy,Dictatorship and Democracy -An easy to follow site with links to each type of government. Follow the "States" link to discover the differences between a monarchy, an oligarchy, a dictatorship, and a democracy.
  2. Monarchy -This resource would support lessons focusing on monarchies and variations of this government category. It provides a thorough definition of a monarchy with links that define difficult vocabulary.
  3. Direct democracy – wikipedia-This Wikipedia entry provides an encyclopedia definition of direct democracy, as well as, a large sum of background knowledge about the topics history and present day use.
  4. Absolute Monarchy – Wikipedia-Wikipedia entry for Absolute Monarchies describes modern examples, theories and history and historical examples that would aide in building background knowledge for teachers and students.
  5. Constitutional Monarchy – Wikipedia-The site is an interesting website on constitutional monarchies and absolute monarchies with links to other governmental forms. The site is well written and contains understandable examples of political powers throughout the world.
  6. Nationmaster – Types of government-This lesson unit is good, but is specific to learning the various types of world governments. This lessons focus is to define the various types of government.

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

1.  Explain how opportunities for citizens to participate in and influence the political process differ under various systems of government.
  1.  Ben's Guide to the U.S. Government website filled with information
  2.  The Center for Civic Education   A nonprofit, educational site specializing in civic education with lessons focusing on the U.S. constitution and Bill of Rights; American political traditions; institutions at federal, state and local levels; civic participation and rights and responsibilities of citizens.

2.  Compare the rights and responsibilities of citizens living under various systems of government.  

Social Studies Skills and Methods

1.  Use multiple sources to define essential vocabulary and obtain information for a research project including:

a.      Almanacs;

b.      Gazetteers;

c.       Trade books;

d.      Periodicals; 

e.       Video tapes;

f.        Electronic sources.

  1. Information Please Almanac
  2. Fact Monster-Search the entire Fact Monster Almanac
  3. Daily Almanacs
  4. Online Almanacs and Atlases-several almanacs and atlases that are available online to help with your research.
  5. World Almanac For Kids-You can find tons of cool stuff throughout The World Almanac for Kids Online. Believe it or not, we've been putting this information together since 1868!
2.  Analyze information from primary and secondary sources in order to summarize, make generalizations and draw conclusions.  
3.  Organize information using outlines and graphic organizers.
  1. Graphic Organizers-Various printable graphic organizers.
  2. Family Tree-Family Tree shows how family members are related.
  3. Graphic Organizer Maker-The teacher tools below will allow you to make graphic organizers by filling out a simple form. The materials are made instantly and can be printed directly from your computer. Your creations are exclusive to you. If you would like to keep your creations, save them when you make them.
  4. Graphic Organizer Worksheets
  5. Library of Graphic Organizers
4.  Read and interpret pictographs, bar graphs, line graphs, circle graphs, tables and flow charts.
  1. Circle Graphs -This web site uses clear explanations and diagrams to teach how to read and create circle graphs. After the review, students can take an interactive quiz on the material.
  2. Line Graphs -This web site uses clear explanations and diagrams to teach how to read and create line graphs. After the review, students can take an interactive quiz on the material.
  3. Bar Graphs -This web site uses clear explanations and diagrams to teach how to read and create bar graphs. After the review, students can take an interactive quiz on the material.
  4. Using Line Graphs -This web site explains the advantages and disadvantages of line graphs, and provides an interactive quiz.
5.  Complete a research project that includes a bibliography.
  1. How to Write A Bibliography-A bibliography is an alphabetical list of all the sources you have consulted for an essay or research paper. You must list your sources in a specific format. Use this guide to create your bibliography in the correct format.
  2. Homework Center-How to write a research paper.
6.  Communicate a position on a topic orally or in writing and support the position with evidence.  
7.  Work effectively to achieve group goals:

a.      Engage in active listening; 

b.      Provide feedback in a constructive manner;

c.       Help establish group goals; 

d.      Take various roles within the group;

e.       Recognize contributions of others.