6th Grade-Science

 

Life Sciences

Physical Sciences Science and Technology Scientific Inquiry Scientific Ways
of Knowing

 

 

 

 

(Based on the State
of Ohio Standards)

Earth and Space Sciences

1.  Describe the rock cycle and explain that there are sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic rocks that have distinct properties (e.g., color, texture) and are formed in different ways.
  1. Rock Hounds -This cute web site has information on how rocks are formed, different types of rocks, rock activities, rock lesson plans, and rock puzzles.
  2. Rock Lesson from Volcano World -This web site has a 14-part lesson on rocks, minerals, the rock cycle, types of rocks, and more. Each page has a good explanation and colorful pictures. At the end is a quiz.
    (Submitted by: Al Gonzalez)
  3. Igneous Rocks -This fantastic site has loads of information on igneous rocks and the rock cycle, including online lessons, pictures, diagrams, labs, a dictionary, a review test, and a printable teacher guide in Acrobat format.
    (Submitted by: Al Gonzalez)
  4. Sedimentary Rocks -This fantastic site has loads of information on sedimentary rocks, including online lessons, pictures, diagrams, labs, a dictionary, a review test, and a printable teacher guide in Acrobat format.
    (Submitted by: Al Gonzalez)
  5. Metamorphic Rocks -This fantastic site has loads of information on metamorphic rocks, including online lessons, pictures, diagrams, labs, a dictionary, a review test, and a printable teacher guide in Acrobat format.
    (Submitted by: Al Gonzalez)
  6. The Rock Cycle - A Web Quest -In this web quest the student will:
    1. Learn the three main rock types.
    2. Find out where rocks come from.
    3. Discover just how a rock can evolve over time.
    4. Complete some fun rock cycle activities.
  7. Geology of the Grand Canyon - The ultimate display of rock layers

Gizmos are fun, easy to use, and flexible enough to support many different teaching styles and contexts. 

You will present to your students a visual animated manipulative allowing for an easier and faster teaching pedagogy.

You will discover this tool strategically located throughout the website

2.  Explain that rocks are made of one or more minerals.
  1. USGS-What are rocks made of?
3.  Identify minerals by their characteristic properties.
  1. Minerals -This fantastic site has loads of information on minerals, including online lessons, pictures, diagrams, labs, a dictionary, a review test, and a printable teacher guide in Acrobat format.
Life Sciences
1.  Explain that many of the basic functions of organisms are carried out by or within cells and are similar in all organisms.
  1. Animal Cell Model -This web site shows a model of an animal cell and its various organelles, with links to information on each organelle and its function.
  2. Plant Cell Model -This web site shows a model of a plant cell and its various organelles, with links to information on each organelle and its function.
  3. Cell size and Scale    A very neat tool for comparing the size of a coffee bean to the size of an atom. Interactive

2.  Explain that multicellular organisms have a variety of specialized cells, tissues, organs and organ systems that perform specialized functions.

  1. Cell Structure  Select sample cells from a plant or animal and place the cells on a microscope to look inside the cells. Information about their common structures is provided (and the structures are highlighted), but you will need to move your microscope slide to find all the different structures.
  2. Cell size and Scale    A very neat tool for comparing the size of a coffee bean to the size of an atom. Interactive
3.  Identify how plant cells differ from animal cells (e.g., cell wall and chloroplasts).
  1. Labeling   Smart Board Lesson Students must correctly label various plant and animal cell parts  SB  Created by:  Andrea Trivisonno
  2. Animal Cell Model -This web site shows a model of an animal cell and its various organelles, with links to information on each organelle and its function.
  3. Plant Cell Model -This web site shows a model of a plant cell and its various organelles, with links to information on each organelle and its function.
  4. Animal Cell Organelles - from Cells Alive
  5. Animal and Plant Cells - first select Similarities and then select Differences from the index on the left at this page. 
  6. The Cell Page - Click on the label for any plant or animal cell organelle to find out more about it. (great drawings)
  7. Comparing Animal and Plant Cells - the inside story
  8. Plant Cell Organelles - from Cells Alive
  9. - Teaching idea! - Have your students prepare a Venn diagram comparing and contrasting plant and animal cells. Teachnology has an online Venn diagram generator. (scroll past the membership information)
  10. Comparison Of Plant & Animal Cells
  11. Cell size and Scale    A very neat tool for comparing the size of a coffee bean to the size of an atom. Interactive
4.  Recognize that an individual organism does not live forever; therefore reproduction is necessary for the continuation of every species and traits are passed on to the next generation through reproduction.
  1. On line Quiz    Animals babies and Adults.  Created by      Amanda Sopczak
5.  Describe that in asexual reproduction all the inherited traits come from a single parent.
  1. Chicken Genetics  Breed "pure" chickens with known genotypes that exhibit specific feather colors, and learn how traits are passed on via codominant genes. Chickens can be stored in cages for future breeding, and the statistics of feather color are reported every time the chickens breed. Punnet squares can be used to predict results.
  2. Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium  Set the initial percentages of three types of parrots in a population and track changes in genotype and allele frequency through several generations. Analyze population data to develop an understanding of the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Determine how initial allele percentages will affect the equilibrium state of the population.
6.  Describe that in sexual reproduction an egg and sperm unite and some traits come from each parent, so the offspring is never identical to either of its parents.
  1. Mouse Genetics An introduction to mouse genetics where the basics of probability and statistics are presented before you choose which mice to breed for multiple generations. Determine the genetics that control the fur and eye color of the offspring.
  2. Building DNA  Construct a DNA molecule, examine its double helix structure, and then go through the DNA replication process. Learn how each component fits into a DNA molecule, and see how a unique, self-replicating code can be created.
     
     
7.  Recognize that likenesses between parents and offspring (e.g., eye color, flower color) are inherited. Other likenesses, such as table manners are learned.
  1. Mouse Genetics (Fur Color)   Breed "pure" mice with known genotypes that exhibit specific fur colors, and learn how traits are passed on via dominant and recessive genes. Mice can be stored in cages for future breeding, and the statistics of fur color are reported every time a pair of mice breed. Punnet squares can be used to predict results.
8.  Describe how organisms may interact with one another.
  1. Adaptation Activity - Learn how animals adapt to their environment while playing this online game about beavers.
  2. Dinosaur Habitat and Community - a BBC presentation about these very adaptable animals.
  3. Physical Adaptation - We can see some of the results of physical adaptation by comparing the skeletons of different animals.
  4. Flamingos - Adaptations for Their Environment
  5. Animal Adaptations - see some adaptations that animals use to survive
  6. Animal Adaptation E-Safaris - meet some interesting animals to explore how they are adapted to their environments
Physical Sciences
1.  Explain that equal volumes of different substances usually have different masses.
  1. Mass, Volume, Density & Gravity - An interactive exercise where the user conducts experiments in weight, mass, volume, density and gravity.
  2. Mass vs. Weight Quiz
  3. Calculate the density of two blocks and then identify the material that the blocks are made of
  4. Density - This is an interactive Web-Lab
  5. Mass Volume Density Quiz (Level 1)
  6. Mass Volume Density Quiz (level 2)
  7. Volume, Mass and Density - a supplementary activity for students
2.  Describe that in a chemical change new substances are formed with different properties than the original substance (e.g., rusting, burning).
  1. ReviseWise - Changing Materials -This web site uses colorful animation and great explanations to teach about physical and chemical, and reversible and irreversible changes. After the instruction, the students can take an online quiz to assess their understanding.
  2. Heat - Quiz 1 - Temperature scales, definition of heat, conduction.
  3. Heat - Quiz 2 - Freezing point, boiling point of water, direction of heat flow.

 

3.  Describe that in a physical change (e.g., state, shape and size) the chemical properties of a substance remain unchanged.
  1. ReviseWise - Changing Materials -This web site uses colorful animation and great explanations to teach about physical and chemical, and reversible and irreversible changes. After the instruction, the students can take an online quiz to assess their understanding.
4.  Describe that chemical and physical changes occur all around us (e.g., in the human body, cooking and industry).
  1. On line Quiz  Created by Bill Slabe
5.  Explain that the energy found in nonrenewable resources such as fossil fuels (e.g., oil, coal and natural gas) originally came from the sun and may renew slowly over millions of years.
  1. Nonrenewable energy from Energy Ant -Great info and links all about nonrenewable energy.
6.  Explain that energy derived from renewable resources such as wind and water is assumed to be available indefinitely.
  1. Renewable Energy -An excellent site that tackles the problems of renewable energy in India. It looks at Solar Energy, Biomass, Fuel Cells, Hydel energy, Geo- Thermal Energy, Co-generation, Wind Energy. There are also some quizzes , word games, video clips and a lot more.
  2. Dr. E's Energy Lab -This web site has links to tons of info on renewable energy, such as solar, wind, and geothermal energy, and alternative fuels.
  3. Renewable energy from Energy Ant -Great info and links all about renewable energy.
7.  Describe how electric energy can be produced from a variety of sources (e.g., sun, wind and coal).  
8.  Describe how renewable and nonrenewable energy resources can be managed (e.g., fossil fuels, trees and water).
  1. Nonrenewable energy from Energy Ant -Great info and links all about nonrenewable energy.
  2. Renewable energy from Energy Ant -Great info and links all about renewable energy.
Science and Technology
1.  Explain how technology influences the quality of life.  
2.  Explain how decisions about the use of products and systems can result in desirable or undesirable consequences (e.g., social and environmental).  
3.  Describe how automation (e.g., robots) has changed manufacturing including manual labor being replaced by highly-skilled jobs.  
4.  Explain how the usefulness of manufactured parts of an object depend on how well their properties allow them to fit and interact with other materials.  
5.   Design and build a product or create a solution to a problem given one constraint (e.g., limits of cost and time for design and production, supply of materials and environmental effects).  
Scientific Inquiry
1.  Explain that there are not fixed procedures for guiding scientific investigations; however, the nature of an investigation determines the procedures needed.  
2.  Choose the appropriate tools or instruments and use relevant safety procedures to complete scientific investigations.
  1. Fire Extinguisher Training -Module from Oklahoma State University offering a guided tutorial and quiz over the proper use of fire extinguishers. Ideal for safety training for the Science or Vocational lab.
    (Submitted by: Steve Wheeler)
3.  Distinguish between observation and inference.  
4.  Explain that a single example can never prove that something is always correct, but sometimes a single example can disprove something.  

Scientific Ways of Knowing

1.  Identify that hypotheses are valuable even when they are not supported.  
2.  Describe why it is important to keep clear, thorough and accurate records.  
3.  Identify ways scientific thinking is helpful in a variety of everyday settings.  
4.  Describe how the pursuit of scientific knowledge is beneficial for any career and for daily life.  
5.  Research how men and women of all countries and cultures have contributed to the development of science.