4th Grade Science


Star Rating system by teachers  4 stars  3 stars  2 stars 1 star

| = PowerPoint show | = Adobe Acrobat document | Word document  = Video


Life Sciences Physical Sciences Science and Technology Scientific Inquiry Scientific Ways
of Knowing

 (A) Earth and Space Sciences

(Based on State of
Ohio Curriculum Standards)


1. Explain that air surrounds us, takes up space, moves around us as wind, and may be measured using barometric pressure.

  1. Wind Energy  This site will go into detail on questions and answers on many topics.
  2. NASA.  This site will allow you to see many photos of different clouds, storms, land mass with tremendous views for extremely high altitudes.
  3. The Weather Channel.   This sight will allow you go travel to many different areas of Air wind and pressure.
  4. Barometer Using winds and a barometer to make forecasts

  5. Atmosphere  This fantastic site has loads of information on the atmosphere, wind, air pressure, air pollution, and air composition. Included are online lessons, pictures, diagrams, labs, a dictionary, a review test, and a printable teacher guide in Acrobat format.

  6. Hurricane Power Point

  7. Franklin's Forecast This website contains many ideas surrounding the weather.

  8. Educator's Bridge to Science  This web page will illustrate many connections for teachers and students.

  9. National Center for Atmospheric Research   This website will present an almost all inclusive study of the weather.

  10. Become a Storm Spotter from home

  11. Kids Crossing    Discover weather with a quick visual learning tool.

  12. Weather animation Comprehensive   This website will allow the teacher to present and the student to view many if not all different forms or weather.  4 Star

  13. Hurricanes   Interact with many hurricanes.  Discover how they moved and much much more this is a must see site. 4 Star  Using 21 Century Skills

  14. Meteorology  The weather world 2010 project. This web page will take you to many different areas of the weather.  4 Star

  15. Typhoons    Three different typhoons were spinning over the western Pacific Ocean on August 7, 2006, when the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite acquired this image.  Great image to show your class.  Click on image to zoom in

  16. Earth  This spectacular “blue marble” image is the most detailed true-color image of the entire Earth to date. Using a collection of satellite-based observations, scientists and visualizers stitched together months of observations of the land surface, oceans, sea ice, and clouds into a seamless, true-color mosaic of every square kilometer (.386 square mile) of our planet.   Click on image to zoom in

  17. Waterspouts & Whirlpools  Power Point

  18. Seasons: Why do we have them?   Learn why the temperature in the summertime is higher than it is in the winter by studying the amount of light striking the Earth. Experiment with a plate detector to measure the amount of light striking the plate as the angle of the plate is adjusted (and then use a group of plates placed at different locations on the Earth) and measure the incoming radiation on each plate

  19. Min/Max Thermometer  A min/max thermometer is a common device for recording daily temperatures. While observing a thermometer, the current, minimum, and maximum daily temperatures are determined in a quiz type setting.

  20. Relative Humidity  Measure the temperature on both a wet and dry bulb thermometer to determine the relative humidity over time. The two thermometers show the temperatures as time passes on a clock, and the temperature of a bucket of water can be adjusted to learn about the dew point, condensation, and saturated air.

  21. Grow Your Own Tornado  This website will allow you to see the difference between different levels of tornados. 
    4 star
  22. Earth Quake simulator  view the different types of earth quakes and how they affect buildings.
  23. Erosion of the earth Flash video many examples
  24. Erosion different forms (abrasion, attrition, hydraulic action, solution)
  25. Glaciers and Landscapes
  26. Watershed and you
  27. Using Amphibians and Indicators
  28. Erosion There is a lot going on in Stormville today
  29. Processes of River Erosion, Transport, and Deposition
  30. Video-1  Erosion
  31. Video-2  Land displacement
  32. Video-3  3D Scientific Animation Geology Volcano and Magma

Gizmos are fun, easy to use, and flexible enough to support many different teaching styles and contexts. 

You will present to your students a visual animated manipulative allowing for an easier and faster teaching pedagogy.

You will discover this tool strategically located throughout the website

2.   Identify how water exists in the air in different forms (e.g., in clouds, fog, rain, snow and hail).
  1. Cloud Matching game
  2. Fog how to create your own fog
  3. Clouds and Precipitation   This site will show you many different forms of clouds and precipitation.
  4. Weather and USA today   This site will give you current and up to date  information on weather and forms of clouds and precipitation.
  5. Clouds From Space  Many different views of earth and clouds from outer space.
  7. The Parts of the Water Cycle

3.   Investigate how water changes from one state to another (e.g., freezing, melting, condensation and evaporation).

  1. Condensation  Condensation is the process whereby water vapor in the atmosphere is returned to its original liquid state
  2. Frost  Power Point
  3. Blizzards   Power Point
  4. Freezing Point of Salt Water  Control the temperature of a beaker of water. As the temperature drops below the freezing point, a transformation of state will occur which can be viewed on a molecular level. Salt can be added to the water to see its effect on the freezing point of water  4 Star
  5. The Parts of the Water Cycle


4. Describe weather by measurable quantities such as temperature, wind direction, wind speed, precipitation and barometric pressure.


  1. Make your own Weather Station - from the Franklin Institute 
  2. Weather Instruments.  Great site to explain the fine workings of weather instruments.
  3. Fact Monster  This site will illustrate many facts about the weather.
  4. Coastal Winds and Clouds  Learn about atmospheric conditions near a coast using basic observables: wind and temperature. Measure daily temperatures over both land and water near a coastline, along with the wind speed and direction. The conditions can be recorded at a variety of altitudes
  5. Hurricane Motion  Use data from up to three weather stations to predict the motion of a hurricane. The wind speed and direction along with cloud cover is provided for each station using standard weather symbols.

5. Record local weather information on a calendar or map and describe changes over a period of time (e.g., barometric pressure, temperature, precipitation symbols and cloud conditions).


  1. Creating weather maps  Design your own weather map for TV 
  2. Forces that affect weather
  3. Room 108 weather Machine.  Matches different weathers
  4. The Weather Channel.   This sight will allow you go travel to many different areas of Air wind and pressure.
  5. Weather Forecast
    --  Student can create and forecast their own weather map and print it out.   4 Star


6. Trace how weather patterns generally move from west to east in the United States.


  1. Creating weather maps  Design your own weather map for TV 
  2. The Weather Channel.   This sight will allow you look at many different patterns.


7. Describe the weather which accompanies cumulus, cumulonimbus, cirrus and stratus clouds.


  1. Cloud Matching Game - Drag the photos of clouds on left to the correct name for that cloud on the right. Wrong matches will snap back! Right matches will stick!
  2. Clouds and Precipitation - The purpose of this module is to introduce a number of cloud classifications, different types of precipitation, and the mechanisms responsible for producing them
  3. Cloud Types – this page provides information about each cloud group and any cloud classes associated with them
  4. How to be a Storm Spotter - clouds and the weather associated with them
  5. How to forecast the weather by studying clouds
  6. Clouds and Perception
  7. Cloud concentration game.

8. Describe how wind, water and ice shape and reshape Earth's land surface by eroding rock and soil in some areas and depositing them in other areas producing characteristic landforms (e.g., dunes, deltas and glacial moraines).


  1. FLASH FLOODS   Power Point
  2. Tsunamis  Power Point
  3. Flash Floods   Power Point
  4. Water Science for Schools   This site is worth it's weight in gold showing many different ideas of water and how it affects us.  4 Star
  5. Tides & Gravity Labs This is a set of four labs that teach the basic concepts of gravitational force, and how it relates to tides on the Earth. Click the image below to begin the activities.  4 Star


9. Identify and describe how freezing, thawing and plant growth reshape the land surface by causing the weathering of rock.


  1. Weather for kids.  This website  is especially for kids to allow them to learn more about the fascinating world of weather. It’s also a wonderful educational website for teachers and parents that gives them the right tools they need to explain the different types of weather to children.

10. Describe evidence of changes on Earth's surface in terms of slow processes (e.g., erosion, weathering, mountain building and deposition) and rapid processes (e.g. volcanic eruptions, earthquakes and landslides).


  1. Principal of Uniformitarianism - states that the processes affecting Earth today are the same ones that affected it in the past.
  2. Principle of Superposition - in a sequence of undisturbed sedimentary layers or lava flows, the oldest layers are at the bottom. (includes an animation)
  3. Animations Plate Tectonics animation (Warning!: These animated gifs, including the smallest files, load slowly)
  4.  Animations in the form of PowerPoint shows are available from the PLATES project at the University of Texas.
  5. History - Plate Tectonics: The Rocky History of an Idea
  6. Mechanisms
  7. Paleomap Earth History maps
  8. Paleomap VR animations
  9. Plate Tectonic Reconstruction Service. In this section you can calculate plate tectonic reconstructions of any age back to 150 My.
  10. Science Odyssey: You Try It: Plate Tectonics - A hands-on exercise about plate tectonics and earthquakes from PBS. (requires Shockwave plug-in)
  11. Observe the break up of Pangaea - This animation shows how the locations of continents and islands have changed over the past 150 million years.
  12. Observe animations of processes that occur along plate boundaries (transform, convergent and diverging)



(B) Life Sciences

1. Compare the life cycles of different plants including germination, maturity, reproduction and death.



2. Relate plant structures to their specific functions (e.g., growth, survival and reproduction).


  1. Plant Parts - Structure and Function (from Ohio State) 
  2. Kids Port.  Great site to assist in all areas
  3. Teaching idea! - Have your students prepare a Venn diagram comparing and contrasting plant and animal cells. Teachnology has an online Venn diagram generator. (scroll past the membership information)
  1. Comparing plant and animal cells - Teachnology has a worksheet to print to help your students get ready for the activity above

    4.   Review cell structure and function (plant and animal)

    5.   Cell Structure and Function Quiz

    6.  Inside a Cell - select each part of the cell to see its function

    7.  Quiz on Cell Parts - instructions included

    8.  How Cactus survive in the desert




3. Classify common plants according to their characteristics (e.g., tree leaves, flowers, seeds, roots and stems).


  1. The Great Plant Escape has an overview of each of the parts of a plant
  2. Plant Parts - In this game you will try and match up the plant parts with the correct definition. 
  3. Identify flower parts by dragging them to the right box at this site from BBC. When you finish, try the quiz.
  4. Animal and Plant Cells - first select Similarities and then select Differences from the index on the left at this page.

4. Observe and explore that fossils provide evidence about plants that lived long ago and the nature of the environment at that time.



5. Describe how organisms interact with one another in various ways (e.g., many plants depend on animals for carrying pollen or dispersing seeds).


  1. Biomes of the World - The Earth has many different environments, varying in temperature, moisture, light, and many other factors. Each of these habitats has distinct life forms living in it.
  2. Habitats/Biomes - The Earth has many different environments, varying in temperature, moisture, light, and many other factors. (from Enchanted Learning
  3. Introduction to the Biosphere - Characteristics of the Earth's Terrestrial Biomes
  4. Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World - (from National Geographic) information and images for all 867 land-based ecoregions on the planet
  5. Interdependence and Adaptation - Use this BBC site to review living things, then take a quiz about interdependence and the food web




(C) Physical Sciences

1. Identify characteristics of a simple physical change (e.g., heating or cooling can change water from one state to another and the change is reversible).


  1. Designing a car.  This website will allow you to create your own automobile. 
  2. Wind chill factor.  This site will allow you to place information relative to temp and wind.
  3. Changing Matter  This web page demonstrates what happens to ice as heat is gradually increased. The animations and explanations help the student to understand the physical change from solid to liquid to gas.
  4. Smart Board Lesson  created by  Amy Roberts-Wilson  SB

2. Identify characteristics of a simple chemical change. When a new material is made by combining two or more materials, it has chemical properties that are different from the original materials (e.g., burning paper, vinegar and baking soda).


  1. Chemical changes.   Simple chemical change. 
  2. Revise Wise - Changing Materials  This web site uses colorful animation and great explanations to teach about physical and chemical, and reversible and irreversible changes. After the instruction, the students can take an online quiz to assess their understanding.
  3. Smart Board Lesson  created by  Amy Roberts-Wilson  SB

3. Describe objects by the properties of the materials from which they are made and that these properties can be used to separate or sort a group of objects (e.g., paper, glass, plastic and metal).


  1. Material Matters  This web site explains the origin, properties, and conservation of such materials as metal, wood, brick, pottery, stone, and wool.
  2. Sorting and using materials  At this interactive web site you learn about what materials are waterproof and/or bendy. Then you sort them into categories based on their properties. When done you can take a quiz on what you learned.
  3. Characteristics of Materials  At this interactive web site you experiment with several different materials to see if they are strong, flexible, transparent, and waterproof. Then you see which materials would be best to make certain objects such as tires, notebooks, windows, and more. Finally you can take a quiz when finished.

4. Explain that matter has different states (e.g., solid, liquid and gas) and that each state has distinct physical properties.


  1. Changing State - Use this interactive site from the BBC to investigate what causes water to change state. Take a quiz when you have finished.
  2. Solids and Liquids - Investigate the effect of heat on a variety of objects, then take a quiz.
  3. Gases Around Us - an interactive site from BBC that allows students to investigate factors that affect a gas. A quiz is also available.
  4. ReviseWise - Solids, Liquids, and Gas   This web site uses colorful animation and great explanations to teach about solids, liquids, and gases. After the instruction, the students can take an online quiz to assess their understanding.
  5. Solids, Liquids and Gases web sites   This is a great collection of web sites all dealing with solids, liquids, and gases.
  6. States of Matter Animations  This site lets the student choose a state of matter and then watch an animation that shows a substance changing to that state along with a simulation of what the atoms would look like at that new state.


5. Compare ways the temperature of an object can be changed (e.g., rubbing, heating and bending of metal).



(D) Science and Technology

1. Explain how technology from different areas (e.g., transportation, communication, nutrition, healthcare, agriculture, entertainment and manufacturing) has improved human lives.


  1. See an animation of what the sun would look like if viewed at a variety of wavelengths of energy
  2. Animation showing how coal (a nonrenewable source of energy) forms
  3. Science and Technology in Ohio  This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain how Ohio-generated science and technology has shaped our world and where it might lead us in the future.


2. Investigate how technology and inventions change to meet peoples' needs and wants.


  1. Simple Machines Activities: Learn about simple and compound machines while you explore the House and Tool Shed at E-Heads!
  2. Simple Machines - An excellent overview from the Franklin Institute On-Line
  3. Machines Make Life Easier - a set of lessons and activities about simple machines
  4. Lever - attach a new mass piece or put it to another place with pressed mouse button
  5. Move Our Principal - Students learn about the six simple machines then use their knowledge to assist their principal. (Author - Sandi King)
  6. Pulley - Investigate mechanical advantage of a pulley with this interactive java applet
  7. Pulley System - (raise or lower the load with the mouse) If you click on the mouse button, a spring balance will appear showing the tension in the string.
  8. Inclined Plane - This Java applet demonstrates a motion on an inclined plane with constant velocity and the corresponding forces.
  9. Simple Machines game from Harcourt School
  10. Simple Machines Made Simple - an introduction to the six simple machines (Author - Sandi King)
  11. Sunken Millions - a Simple Machines review game
  12. Simple Machines


3. Describe, illustrate and evaluate the design process used to solve a problem.


  1.  Fundamentals of a Rolling Coaster  Your mission is to design a coaster so that you can achieve maximum thrills and chills without crashing or flying off the track. 

(E) Scientific Inquiry


1. Select the appropriate tools and use relevant safety procedures to measure and record length, weight, volume, temperature and area in metric and English units.


  1. Measuring voltage - the most common activity in electronics. Use the links at the bottom of the page to move to other activities related to measuring voltage.
  2. Measuring Current - Circuits require the correct amount of voltage and current in order to work. Use the links at the bottom of the page to move to other activities related to measuring voltage.
  3. Measurement Movie - BrainPop  This is a cute animated movie about measurement, units of measurement, and estimation. There is also an interactive quiz you can take.


2. Analyze a series of events and/or simple daily or seasonal cycles, describe the patterns and infer the next likely occurrence.



3. Develop, design and conduct safe, simple investigations or experiments to answer questions.


  1. KidWings website  This site was designed to teach young and old about the wonders of birds. The most exciting part of the site is the Virtual Owl Pellet Dissection. Many interactive activities await you.

4. Explain the importance of
    keeping conditions the
    same in an experiment.



5. Describe how comparisons may not be fair when some conditions are not kept the same between experiments.



6. Formulate instructions and communicate data in a manner that allows others to understand and repeat an investigation or experiment.



(F) Scientific Ways of Knowing

1. Differentiate fact from opinion and explain that scientists do not rely on claims or conclusions unless they are backed by observations that can be confirmed.


    Ways of Knowing    In general, there are four ways or methods by which we can ascertain the truth of something.


2. Record the results and data from an investigation and make a reasonable explanation.


  1. Science: A way of knowing    There are a variety of ways of knowing whether or not something is true.

3. Explain discrepancies in an investigation using evidence to support findings.



4. Explain why keeping records of observations and investigations is important.