4th Grade Social Studies

4th Grade Social Studies

= a site for teachers | = a PowerPoint show | = Adobe Acrobat document | Word document  = Video    SM = Smart Board

 

 

People in Societies

Geography Economics Government

Citizenship Responsibilities

 

Social Studies Skills and Methods

 

 

 

 

Star Rating system by teachers   4 stars   3 stars   2 stars  1 star

  (A) History

(Based on State of Ohio Curriculum Standards)


1. Construct time lines with evenly spaced intervals for years, decades and centuries to show the order of significant events in Ohio history.
  1. Timelines: Timeless Teaching Tool All the timeline resources you'll need are right at your fingertips with this Lesson Planning Article from Education World Included: Activity ideas for teachers of all grades!
  2. The Time Machine - This U.S. Mint site has twelve hyperlinked dates, each one tells a story. Outstanding
  3. An index of timelines you may go to this webpage for much more
  4. Autobiography Timeline   Use this Kid spiration activity as a graphic organizer to help students plan a time line of their own lives. Have students choose a picture that would represent each year of their life. Then have them click on the “writing” view and type in a sentence that explains that year in their life. The students will need to save their work on a disk, or print out their final draft.
  5. Growth of A Nation   Explore the animated timeline that traces the growth of the United States at the animated atlas.
  6. American History Timeline: 1780-2010 - very complete, although not interactive
  7. Seeing Time (Using timelines as a resource) - gives students a chance to refine and extend their ability to construct, read, analyze, and draw conclusions from timelines
  8. Jeopardy Power Point  Very good way to review and prepare your knowledge of this period of time.
  9. Power Point Lesson   Europe Discovers America.  SB

2. Describe the earliest settlements in Ohio including those of prehistoric peoples.
  1. The Evolution of Ohio   This site provides information about the eleven major territories in Ohio such as: economic patterns, population trends, migratory patterns, and historical information. The site is set up so that comparisons can be made between the different territories.
  2. Ohio's Prehistoric Indian Heritage  This site has lots of great info on traditions, artifacts, images, maps, and timelines of Ohio's prehistoric peoples.
3. Explain the causes and effects of the frontier wars of the 1790s, including the Battle of Fallen Timbers, on American Indians in Ohio and the United States
  1. American Indians in Ohio This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain American Indian cultures in Ohio before, during, and after European settlement.
  2. Events of Ohio Historic Indians  This page provides links to great info on many frontier battles, including the Battle of Fallen Timbers
4. Explain how Ohio progressed from territory to statehood, including the terms of the Northwest Ordinance.
  1. Ohio Government This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain the workings of Ohio politics and government at the state and local level and its role in the lives of average Ohioans, starting with the Northwest Ordinance and early statehood.
5. Explain how canals and railroads changed settlement patterns in Ohio and Ohio’s economic and political status in the United States.
  1. Transportation in Ohio This web site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to show how Ohio's landscape, economy, and demographic patterns changed due to the evolution of transportation
6. Explain the importance of inventors such as the Wright Brothers, Charles Kettering, Garrett Morgan, Granville Woods and Thomas Edison
  1. Science and Technology in Ohio  This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain how Ohio-generated science and technology has shaped our world and where it might lead us in the future.
  2. First Flight  This web site teaches about the Wright Brothers and includes a flight simulator to see what it would have been like and a 3-D replica of their plane.
  3. Flights of Inspiration This web site has loads of good information on the Wright Brothers, along with activities for students to do.
  4. First in Flight This excellent web site teaches all about the Wright Brothers and includes computer generated movies of their four four flights, as well specific information on the Flyer, their living quarters, and more.
  5. Edison Invents  This website teaches all about Thomas Edison and his inventions. There is also an interactive game where you can learn more about what he made.

(B) People in Societies

1. Describe the cultural practices
    and products of various groups
    who have settled in Ohio over
    time
a. the Paleo Indians, Archaic
    Indians, Woodland Indians
    (Adena and Hopewell) and
    Late Prehistoric Indians (Fort
    Ancient)
b. historic Indians of Ohio
    (Ottawa, Wyandot, Mingo,
    Miami, Shawnee and
    Delaware)
c.  European immigrants
d.  Amish and Appalachian
    populations
e.  African-Americans
f.  recent immigrants from Africa,
    Asia and Latin America
  1. African American Ohioans  This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain the work, leisure, and daily life of African Americans in Ohio in a broad range of fields and how they have affected our state and nation
  2. Immigration and Ethnic Heritage in Ohio  This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain Ohio's rich heritage through an exploration of migration patterns and regionalism, the immigrant experience, and social and cultural traditions.
  3. American Indians in Ohio This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain American Indian cultures in Ohio before, during, and after European settlement.
  4. Ohio's Prehistoric Indian Heritage  This site has lots of great info on traditions, artifacts, images, maps, and timelines of Ohio's prehistoric peoples
  5. Ohio's Historic Indian Tribes This site has links to great info on 17 of Ohio's historic Indian tribes.
  6. African Americans in Ohio  This site explains the history of African Americans in Ohio.


     
2. Describe the impact of the expansion of European settlements on American Indians in Ohio.
  1. American Indians in Ohio  This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain American Indian cultures in Ohio before, during, and after European settlement
3. Explain the reasons people came
    to Ohio including
a. opportunities in agriculture, mining
    and manufacturing
b. family ties
c. freedom from political and
   religious oppression
  1. Religion in Ohio This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain the broad and vibrant range of religious experience in Ohio and the impact religion has had on our state and its people
 

(C) Geography

1. Use a linear scale to measure the distance between places on a map.  
2. Use cardinal and intermediate directions to describe the relative location of places
  1. Map Games   You will find quite a few games that will allow the students to learn and have fun at the same time.  You will find map games for many different grade levels.  Please choose the correct one for you.  THIS IS AN OUTSTANDING SITE.
  2. View the Earth Live     If you click on this link you will branch to an assortment of satellites that are transmitting live coverage of the Earth.    4-Star
  3. MAPS AND THE EARTH  Flash Example allowing students to under stand maps and the earth.  TRULY OUTSTANDING !!!  4 STAR
  4. WHERE ON EARTH FLASH -- This a presentation that allows teachers and students discover parts of the globe.
  5. GLOSSARY -   Flash dictionary
  6. National Area Coding system --  Flash
  7. Virtual Earth - Flash
  8. Navigation  - Flash
  9. Fun games

  10. Latitude & Longitude Game 
  11. Maps Millionaire Game
  12. Latitude & Longitude Millionaire Game

            SMART BOARD LESSONS

    1. SMART BOARD LESSON  5 continents
    2. SMART BOARD GLOBE AND MAP SKILLS
    3. SMART BOARD LATITUDE & LONGITUDE-1
    4. SMART BOARD LATITUDE & LONGITUDE - GALLERY A
    5. SMART BOARD LATITUDE & LONGITUDE - GALLERY B
    6. SMART BOARD WHAT'S MY LINE - 1
    7. SMART BOARD WHAT'S MY LINE - 2
    8. SMART BOARD WORLD MAP
    9. SMART BOARD FINAL PROJECT

     QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

    1. QUESTIONS USA 1 PDF format
          a.) Answers to question - 1 
      PDF format
    2. Questions USA - 2 PDF format
          b.) Answers to questions - 2
      PDF Format

     

3. Describe the location of Ohio relative to other states and countries.  
4. Use maps to identify the location of major physical and human features of Ohio including
a. Lake Erie
b. rivers
c. plains
d. the Appalachian Plateau
e. bordering states
f. the capital city
g. other major cities
  1. Geography and Natural Resources up to 1903  This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain the diversity of Ohio's landscape and settlement, including natural features such as mountains, natural divisions such as rivers, and human structures such as buildings and cities.
  2. Ohio's Cities Geography Game  In this game the student has 60 seconds to locate 8 major Ohio cities as the move around a state map
  3. Ohio's Rivers Geography Game In this game the student has 60 seconds to locate 8 major Ohio rivers as the move around a state map.
  4. Map of Ohio   You will find a JPEG map of Ohio with coordinate planes for students to learn from.
  5. Discover Ohio Interactive map    You may log on to this site and observe many different levels.
  6. Map of North East Ohio   You will find a map with grid lines of this area.
  7. Arial View of Schools and Lake County    You will need Smart Board software to use this lesson.  See if you can determine which school or object you are looking at.
5. Describe and compare the landforms, climates, population, vegetation and economic characteristics of places and regions in Ohio.
  1. Plants and Animals in Ohio  This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain the flora and fauna of Ohio, their history, and their relationship with Ohio's people.
  2. The Land of Ohio This web site explains the different natural regions, resources, and soils in Ohio, what caused them, and how they affect the way people use them.
6. Identify manufacturing, agricultural, mining and forestry regions in Ohio.
  1. Business and Labor in Ohio   This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain the evolution of Ohio's economy from its earliest stages to its emergence as one of the world's largest industrial centers, as well as its adjustments to the modern economy.
7. Explain how resources, transportation and location influenced the development of cities and industries in Ohio including major industries such as oil, steel, rubber and glass.
  1. Geography and Natural Resources up to 1903 This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain the diversity of Ohio's landscape and settlement, including natural features such as mountains, natural divisions such as rivers, and human structures such as buildings and cities.
  2. Business and Labor in Ohio  This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain the evolution of Ohio's economy from its earliest stages to its emergence as one of the world's largest industrial centers, as well as its adjustments to the modern economy.
  3. Transportation in Ohio This site has links to the history on canals, roads, railroads, and aviation in Ohio, and the effect they have had on Ohio's development.
  4. America on the Move  At this excellent site you can read about how transportation shaped the lives, landscapes, culture, and communities of America. You can examine the changes brought by transportation networks, play some cool games, and check out lots of other resources from the National Museum of American History. There are also excellent teacher guides available for each section.
     
8. Identify how environmental processes (i.e., glaciation and weathering) and characteristics (landforms, bodies of water, climate, vegetation) influence human settlement and activity in Ohio.
  1. Climate and Weather  This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain Ohio's climate and weather and their impact on daily life.
9. Identify ways that people
    have affected the physical
    environment of
    Ohio including
a. use of wetlands
b. use of forests
c. building farms, towns and
    transportation systems
d. using fertilizers, herbicides
     and pesticides
e. building dams
  1. Agriculture in Ohio  This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain Ohio's agricultural heritage including the ways that farming has shaped our landscape, our culture and our economy.
     
  2. Transportation in Ohio This web site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to show how Ohio's landscape, economy, and demographic patterns changed due to the evolution of transportation.
  3. Plants and Animals in Ohio This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain the flora and fauna of Ohio, their history, and their relationship with Ohio's people.
  4. America on the Move At this excellent site you can read about how transportation shaped the lives, landscapes, culture, and communities of America. You can examine the changes brought by transportation networks, play some cool games, and check out lots of other resources from the National Museum of American History. There are also excellent teacher guides available for each section.
10. Use elevation, natural resource and road maps to answer questions about patterns of settlement, economic activity and movement.
  1. Types of Maps This fantastic site has loads of information on maps, types of maps, and legends, including online lessons, pictures, diagrams, labs, a dictionary, a review test, and a printable teacher guide in Acrobat format
     

(D) Economics

1. Identify the productive resources needed to produce a good or service and suggest opportunity costs for the resources involved
  1. You want to be president   This is an outstanding website showing you how to make smart choices. 4 star
2. Explain how the availability of productive resources in Ohio promotes specialization in the production of goods and services and leads to trade.
  1. Business and Labor in Ohio This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain the evolution of Ohio's economy from its earliest stages to its emergence as one of the world's largest industrial centers, as well as its adjustments to the modern economy.
     
3. Explain how entrepreneurs organize productive resources to produce goods and services and that they seek to make profits by taking risks
  1. Hot Shot Business Become your own entrepreneur with this great start your own business online game. Choose businesses such as a skate park or comic book store and decide financing, marketing, customer needs, and other business components in hopes to make a profit!
     
4. Explain ways in which individuals and households obtain and use income.  
5. Explain why people in Ohio specialize in what they produce and then trade with others, which then increases the amount of goods and services available.
  1. Power Point.   This is a very mature approach to trade.  The power point goes into quite a lot of depth and covers what is learned at a college.  You may not want to use all of the power point only part of it.
6. Explain why many jobs in Ohio depend on markets in other countries and why Ohio is a market for goods and services from other countries.
  1. Power Point  Real presentation This is a real live presentation by  Ambassador Devinda R. Subasinghe Sri Lanka’s Ambassador to the US on trade and  Business Opportunities In Sri Lanka.  Mature information that should be reviewed by the teacher first prior to students.  This would allow the teacher to choose what should be covered.   I strongly feel that this is an excellent power point because it was given by the Ambassador.  This shows more that just trade it show the finer points of working with other countries. New as of 3/06

(E) Government

1.  Explain major
     responsibilities
     of each of the three
     branches of government
     Ohio
a. the legislative branch,
     headed  by the
     General Assembly,
     makes state laws
b.  the executive branch,
     headed by the
     governor, carries out
    and enforces laws made
    by the General Assembly
c. the judicial branch, headed
    by the Ohio Supreme Court, 
    interprets and applies the law

  1. State of Ohio Government Info and Services  This web site has information on each branch of the State government, including current officials, issues, and resources
  2. Levels of Government  As part of a government unit, discuss the purposes of different levels of government and the words associated with each level. Students will create a graphic organizer using Kidspiration with words associated with each level.
  3. Power Point showing you the branches of government in Ohio
  4. American Flag for classroom project   Download this photo to see an example of what you can do with power point.  Challenge students to create an American flag using this photo as a rubric 
    a. 
    Instructions to download for project above
  5. Posters    You will find many posters to choose from to assist you in your project

 

2. Explain why elections are used to select leaders and decide issues.
  1. Electing a President This is a great election web site created by and for elementary children. It includes information on how the president is elected, a list of vocabulary words, puzzles, quizzes, a teacher's guide, links to additional resources, and more.
  2. Presidential Trivia  You will find a list of questions and answers pertaining to all the presidents of the U.S.  You may use Avery 27881 form to printout if you like.
  3. Electoral College   This website will help you in learning about these votes
3. Explain the purpose of
    a democratic constitution
a. to provide a framework
    for a government
b. to limit the power of
    government
c. to define the authority
     of elected officials
 
4. Explain that the Ohio Constitution tells how the state government should be organized and guarantees the rights of individuals.
  1. Video of Changing of the Guard Tomb of the Unknown Soldier  This video will take awhile to download so I would click the save as button and let the video download to your computer.  This video has been edited but it still is 8 min long although interesting to view.   4 Star  a must see video
  2. Arlington National Cemetery Changing of the Guards

(F) Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

1. Describe the ways in
     which citizens can
    promote the common
    good and influence their
    government including
a. voting
b. communicating with officials
c. participating in civic
    and service organizations
d. performing voluntary service
  1. Inside the Voting Booth This colorful web site explains the importance of voting, gives a history of voting, and gets kids to think what issues are important to them
  2. Electing a President This is a great election web site created by and for elementary children. It includes information on how the president is elected, a list of vocabulary words, puzzles, quizzes, a teacher's guide, links to additional resources, and more
2. Explain why personal responsibilities (e.g., taking advantage of the opportunity to be educated) and civic responsibilities (e.g., obeying the law and respecting the rights of others) are important.
  1. Education in Ohio This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain Ohio's local, state, and national influence in terms of the development of general education and in higher education
3. Explain the importance of leadership and public service.  
4. Explain why characteristics such as respect for the rights of others, fairness, reliability, honesty, wisdom and courage are desirable qualities in the people citizens select as their leaders.  

(G) Social Studies Skills and Methods

1. Obtain information about
     state issues from a variety
     of print and electronic
     sources, and determine the
      relevance of information
      to a research topic
a. atlases
b. encyclopedias
c. dictionaries
d. newspapers
e. multimedia/electronic sources
 
2. Use a glossary and index to locate information.  
3. Use primary and secondary sources to answer questions about Ohio history.
  1. Ohio Memory This fantastic site contains over 26,000 primary sources from 330 archives, historical societies, libraries and museums that document Ohio's past from prehistory to present.
     
4. Describe how archaeologists and historians study and interpret the past.  
5. Identify main ideas and supporting details from factual information.  
6. Distinguish between fact and opinion.
  1. On Line Quiz  Fact or Opinion Quiz Created by:   Megan Michael

7. Read and interpret pictographs, bar graphs, line graphs and tables

 
8. Formulate a question to focus research.  
9. Communicate relevant information in a written report including the acknowledgement of sources.  
10. Use a problem-solving
        /decision-making
        process which includes
a.    identifying a problem
b.  gathering information
c.   listing and considering
      options
d.  considering advantages
     and disadvantages
     of options
e. choosing and implementing
     a solution
f.  developing criteria for
     judging its effectiveness