2nd Grade Science Science Skills

 

Life Sciences Physical Sciences Science and Technology Scientific Inquiry Scientific Ways
of Knowing

Star Rating system by teachers  4 stars  3 stars  2 stars 1 star

  (A) Earth and Space Sciences

(Based on State of Ohio
Curriculum Standards)

 

1. Recognize that there are more stars in the sky than anyone can easily count.

 
  1. The night sky from the same location during a year - This sequence of images shows simulated views of the night sky from Chicago, Illinois. The frames show the view from Earth at midnight, once a week over a year.
  2. The Astronomy Picture of the Day: great photos and an explanation each day. Their search feature returns thumbnail images of matches and their archive extends back to June 16, 1995.

2. Observe and describe how the sun, moon and stars all appear to move slowly across the sky.

 
  1. Smart Board Lesson Using Senteo (Key in response)  SB
  2. Animation video on phases of the moon
  3. Phase of the moon - relative to earth
  4. Phases of the moon  with Music and 3D animation
  5. Virtual Tour of the Moon 360 degrees.  A must see for you students Apollo missions.
  6. Phases of the Moon   You will find a video that will allow you to visually see how the moon changes.  4 Star
  7. Moon Phase Connection --  You will discover many phases of the moon relative to day, month and Year. 4 Star
  8. Worksheet Printout for phases of the Moon from the Internet.  (Printout a hard copy per month) 4 Star
  9. Worksheet for Phases of the Moon  or pdf adobe format  ( from web site)
  10. Science Net links about the moon.
  11. Sun Earth and Moon   You will visually see a video on how all three work together.  4 Star
  12. Phases of the Moon  You will find a website here that is very good explaining the moon and it's phases.  This site was found by Kathy Hodson  4 Star
  13. As the Earth Turns - Students learn that day and night are caused by the rotation of the Earth. (Author - Sandi King)
  14.  Sundials: Observing and Using Shadows - Students build sundials and observe changes in shadows over the course of one or more days.
  15. Sunrise Sunset - Students learn about the apparent movement of the sun across the day sky. Students then learn to relate time of day to the location of the sun.
  16. Hours of Daylight - use this java applet to determine the number of hours of daylight for any location and date.
  17. Hours of Daylight   This is a short video explaining why the daylight hours change during the year. 

3. Observe and describe how the moon appears a little different every day but looks nearly the same again about every four weeks.

 
  1. Cycles in Nature  This is a useful web site with lots of good info on a student level. Topics cover Day and Night, Seasonal Changes, The Phases of the Moon and Tides. Besides just info, the site also has suggested activities, helpful illustrations, and related poetry.
  2. Observe night and day and Moon activities great example   4 Star
  3. The Moon watch how the moon takes on new phases.
     

4. Observe and describe that some weather changes occur throughout the day and some changes occur in a repeating seasonal pattern.

  1. VideoWhat causes the earths seasons
  2. Cycles in Nature This is a useful web site with lots of good info on a student level. Topics cover Day and Night, Seasonal Changes, The Phases of the Moon and Tides. Besides just info, the site also has suggested activities, helpful illustrations, and related poetry.
  3. Arty the Part Time Astronaut  Explore the solar system with Arty. This site features fun, interactive games and movies that help children learn about the solar system and weather. Flash plug-in required.
     

5. Describe weather by measurable quantities such as temperature and precipitation.

 
  1. EdHeads - Weather  This is a great interactive site where students can learn how to report and predict the weather at the underground W.H.E.D. weather caves!
  2. Temperature Quiz  Practice reading temperatures on a thermometer.
  3. Weather Machine There are three sets of pictures, one showing the weather, one showing the temperature, and one showing some clothing. Match the two pictures outlined in green to the one outlined in red. Try and play a perfect game!
  4. Water Cycle

    Watch the water cycle in action and add your own labels.
     

  5. Water Cycle Quiz    Very good example Outstanding
     

(B) Life Sciences

1. Explain that animals, including people, need air, water, food, living space and shelter; plants need air, water, nutrients (e.g., minerals), living space and light to survive.

 

  1. Smart Board Lesson    SB
  2. The Great Plant Escape This is a very extensive website plant life. Students join Bud, Sprout, and Detective LePlant in solving mysteries and learning all about plants. This site has good information, cute graphics, quizzes, and activities
  3. The Life Cycle of Plants  This web site has great animations and explanations concerning plant growth, needed conditions, and methods of seed dispersal.
  4. Helping plants grow well This interactive site has you try to grow a plant to its full height by controlling water, heat, and light. When you are done you can take a quiz on what you learned.
  5. Water Science for Schools   This site is worth it's weight in gold showing many different ideas of water and how it affects us.  4 Star

2. Identify that there are many distinct environments that support different kinds of organisms.

 

  1. Where Do They Live? Game In this game from Encyclopedia Britannica students identify which habitat various animals live in.
  2. Where Do I Live  In this online game students match animals to their habitats. Level 1 is for common animals and Level 2 is for exotic animals

3. Explain why organisms can survive only in environments that meet their needs (e.g., organisms that once lived on Earth have disappeared for different reasons such as natural forces or human-caused effects).

 

 

4. Compare similarities and differences among individuals of the same kind of plants and animals, including people.

 

1.  Smart Board  Lesson  SB

2.

 

Grouping AnimalsA three part sorting activity based around animals.
Sort either animals and plants, animals with or without legs and how animals move.

 

5. Explain that food is a basic need of plants and animals (e.g., plants need sunlight to make food and to grow, animals eat plants and/or other animals for food, food chain) and is important because it is a source of energy (e.g., energy used to play, ride bicycles, read, etc.).

 

  1. Seed Growth This site uses colorful animations to explain the importance of sunlight and water to seed growth, including what happens if either one is lacking.
  2. Photosynthesis from the Magic School bus  This interactive site teaches about what plants need to grow. Cute animations explain the role of sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide.
  3. Trees are Terrific  This site uses cute animations and interactive options, and reads to the student to teach all about trees, what they need to live, what their parts do, how they change in different seasons, what they are used for, and how we can take care of them. There are even tree jokes at the end.
     

6. Investigate the different structures of plants and animals that help them live in different environments (e.g., lungs, gills, leaves and roots).

 

  1. The Great Plant Escape This is a very extensive website plant life. Students join Bud, Sprout, and Detective LePlant in solving mysteries and learning all about plants. This site has good information, cute graphics, quizzes, and activities. Mystery #1 deals specifically with plant parts and what helps a plant grow.
  2. Incredible Edibles Game In this game students learn about the edible parts of plants and what part of the plant they come from.
  3. Zip's Plants This cute web site has Zip the bee explaining plant growth, the parts of plants, pollination, and more. The animations and explanations are helpful and easy to understand. A quiz is included to test your knowledge
  4. Build-a-Fish  This interactive game lets you build a fish by choosing its body type, mouth type, and color, based upon the pros and cons of each option. Then you get to pilot your fish in the ocean and see how long you can stay alive using what you have learned.
  5. ReviseWise - Living Things - Plants This web site uses colorful animation and great explanations to teach about plants, parts of plants, what plants need to live, and more. After the instruction, the students can take an online quiz to assess their understanding.
  6. Trees are Terrific  This site uses cute animations and interactive options, and reads to the student to teach all about trees, what they need to live, what their parts do, how they change in different seasons, what they are used for, and how we can take care of them. There are even tree jokes at the end.
  7. The Secret Life of Trees This site uses cute animations and interactive options, and reads to the student to teach all about the parts of a tree.
  8. Plant Labels
    Plant Labels The plant parts labeling application is a simple to use science vocabulary exercise. Label words are simply dragged and dropped into the correct place in the diagram.

    Growing Plants Lesson outline

7. Compare the habitats of many different kinds of Ohio plants and animals and some of the ways animals depend on plants and each other.
  1. Plants and Animals in Ohio This site uses pages of information, pictures, and primary sources to explain the flora and fauna of Ohio, their history, and their relationship with Ohio's people.
  2. Raptors in the City  This web site has information on the peregrine falcons nesting on the skyscrapers in Cleveland, Ohio. Included is information about their species, how they came back from near extinction, how they have adapted to the city environment, pictures from a falcon-cam, and news updates on specific falcons, their nesting, and chicks.
  3. Butterflies of Ohio  This site lets you pick your county in Ohio and see all of the butterflies confirmed to live in that county. For each butterfly there are pictures and loads of information.

8.  Compare the activities of Ohio's common animals (e.g., squirrels, chipmunks, deer, butterflies, bees, ants, bats and frogs) during the different seasons by describing changes in their behaviors and body covering.

 

  1. Animals on Defense This web site covers several different ways animals adapt when the seasons change, including hibernation, migration, and camouflage. For each method, examples of specific animals are given, along with good pictures and links to additional sites.
  2. Enter the Hive This great interactive site from PBS allows students to learn about the life of a bee, including pollination, the hive, storing honey, and raising young. Requires shockwave.

9. Compare Ohio plants during the different seasons by describing changes in their appearance.

 

  1. Trees are Terrific This site uses cute animations and interactive options, and reads to the student to teach all about trees, what they need to live, what their parts do, how they change in different seasons, what they are used for, and how we can take care of them. There are even tree jokes at the end.

(C) Physical Sciences

1. Explore how things make sound (e.g., rubber bands, tuning fork and strings).

 

  1. Sound and hearing  At this interactive site you can play with a drum, a guitar, a recorder, and a shaker to see what different sounds they make. You can also sort instruments based on how loud they are. Finally you can take a quiz over what you learned.
     

2. Explore and describe sounds (e.g., high, low, soft and loud) produced by vibrating objects.

 

  1. Sound and hearing At this interactive site you can play with a drum, a guitar, a recorder, and a shaker to see what different sounds they make. You can also sort instruments based on how loud they are. Finally you can take a quiz over what you learned.
  2. Sound  

    Sound A sound identification activity with sorting of musical instruments by how the sound is made.
    Sound lesson

3. Explore with flashlights and shadows that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object.

 

 

(D) Science and Technology

1. Explain that developing and using technology involves benefits and risks.

 

  1. Simple Machines  A This website will allow the students to view many different machine though out the home.
  2. Simple Machine   B (Flash with examples, questions and answers)
  3. Simple Machines  C (Teacher must assist with this animation)
  4. Simple Machines  D (Outstanding flash)
  5. Simple Machines  E (Work with several objects in different settings.
  6. Simple Machine    F  (Black board with examples)
  7. Simple Machine    G (What to know about simple machines)
  8. Smart Board Simple Machine lesson   SB
  9. Smart Board Simple Machine Lesson 2 SB

2. Investigate why people make new products or invent new ways to meet their individual wants and needs.

 

  1. By Kids for Kids Inventions  This website has a lot of cool information about Inventions and Inventors. You must join, but it just requires an email address. It includes inventions by different groups as well as "weirdo" inventions. There is also a section for kid inventors. This site is the site for 2004-2005 Xerox National Invention Competition, but has great resources for planning an invention project.

     

3. Predict how building or trying something new might affect other people and the environment.

 

 

4. Communicate orally, pictorially, or in written form the design process used to make something.

 

 

(E) Scientific Inquiry

1. Ask "how can I/we" questions.

 

 

2. Ask "how do you know" questions (not "why" questions) in appropriate situations and attempt to give reasonable answers when others ask questions.

 

 

3. Explore and pursue student-generated "how" questions.

 

 

4. Use appropriate safety procedures when completing scientific investigations.

 

  1. Smart Board    This is an example of Smart Board Technology.  You may download the Smart Board program from the link above.   This was created by:   Joshua Needler
5. Use evidence to develop explanations of scientific investigations. (What do you think? How do you know?)  

6. Recognize that explanations are generated in response to observations, events and phenomena.

 

 

7. Use appropriate tools and simple equipment/instruments to safely gather scientific data (e.g., magnifiers, non-breakable thermometers, timers, rulers, balances and calculators and other appropriate tools).

 

 

8. Measure properties of objects using tools such as rulers, balances and thermometers.

 

 

9. Use whole numbers to order, count, identify, measure and describe things and experiences.

 

 

10. Share explanations with others to provide opportunities to ask questions, examine evidence and suggest alternative explanations.

 

 

(F) Scientific Ways of Knowing

1. Describe that scientific investigations generally work the same way under the same conditions.

 

 

2. Explain why scientists review and ask questions about the results of other scientists' work.

 

 

3. Describe ways in which using the solution to a problem might affect other people and the environment.

 

  1. Simple Machines   This website will allow the students to view many different machine though out the home.

4. Demonstrate that in science it is helpful to work with a team and share findings with others.