12th Grade Social Studies


People in Societies


Economics Government Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

You will need to download the smart board program to use some of the following links.  Need to upgrade to SMART Notebook Version 9.5? Uninstall your current version of Notebook, then go to SMART Tech's site and download version 9.7.   Once you have done this you will be able to view and use the smart board activity.  You cannot view the Smart Board software until you down load and install on your computer. Every Smart Board activity has the letters SB  for Smart Board next to it.


(Based on State of Ohio
Curriculum Standards)

1. Challenge arguments of historical inevitability by giving examples of how different choices could have led to different consequences (e.g., choices made during the Civil War, choices relating to immigration policy or choices made during the Cuban Missile Crisis).
  1. History Repeats Itself (ODE IMS) Students studying history need to understand that historical events were not inevitable. Particular decisions led to the events and different choices would have had different consequences. This lesson allows students to explore historical events and draw their own conclusions about how major historical events could have had different outcomes.
  2. Operation Overlord: Normandy   SB
    This engaging activity retraces the major maneuvers in the invasion of Normandy. Test students' knowledge of the people, places and events of D-day.
  3. Overview of the causes of WW1 SB
    This group-work based activity reinforces the main causes of the First World War.
  4. The wall street crash - causes  SB
    Discuss some of the causes of the Wall Street Crash.
  5. The wall street crash - consequences SB
    Discuss some of the consequences of the Wall Street Crash.
  6. The wall street crash - stock market SB
    Learn how the stock market works and find out about Wall Street.
  7. Studying History, Part 2 SB
    Understand the differences between types of sources.
  8. Lincoln-Douglas Debates Transcripts  This edition contains transcripts of political debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas was published by Follett, Foster and Company of Columbus, Ohio. Lincoln challenged Douglas for a seat in the U.S. Senate from Illinois in 1858, and during the campaign the two rivals engaged in a series of debates. Lincoln lost the race, but his anti-slavery position and strong oratorical skills gained him a national reputation. Included in this volume are two speeches Lincoln delivered in 1859, one in Columbus, Ohio and the other in Cincinnati. The complete volume is 263 pages and measures 8.5" x 5.5" (21.6 x 13.97 cm).
  9. William Allen Speech on the Enlistment of Negro Soldiers  William Allen delivered this speech to the Ohio House of Representatives on February 2, 1863. In it he opposes legislation that would allow African Americans to join Ohio regiments to fight in the Civil War. This primary document outlines one side of a controversial issue; the status of African Americans. This resource would be a great addition to any lesson teaching the correlated standard.


2. Analyze primary source material to see if a historical interpretation is supported.
  1. Can History be Rewritten? (ODE IMS) During this lesson, students will examine and analyze primary source documents related to specific events. The students will determine if historical interpretations related to the events are supported by the primary source documents.
3. Analyze cause-and-effect relationships and multiple causation including the influence of ideas, the role of chance and individual and collective action.  

People in Societies

1. Identify the perspectives of diverse cultural groups when analyzing current issues.  
2. Analyze proposed solutions to current issues from the perspectives of diverse cultural groups.  Video cartoon on current issures  This video will analyze solutions to current issues Created by:  Sara Sullivan
3. Analyze ways countries and organizations respond to conflicts between forces of unity and forces of diversity (e.g., English only/bilingual education, theocracies/religious freedom, immigration quotas/open immigration policy, single-sex schools/coeducation).  
4. Evaluate the effectiveness of international governmental organizations (e.g., United Nations, European Union, World Court and Organization of American States), multinational corporations, and nongovernmental organizations (e.g., Amnesty International, Red Cross and World Council of Churches) in the global arena.  
5. Evaluate the role of institutions in guiding, transmitting, preserving and changing culture
  1. Studying History, Part 1
    Discuss the terms cause, consequence, change and continuity using examples  SB
  2. Phonology of the Western Reserve Article    "The Phonology of the Western Reserve" was published by phonetician John S. Kenyon. It appeared in Dialect Notes, volume 4, part 6, 1917 (pages 384-404). The article focus on speech distinctive to the Western Reserve, an area in northeastern Ohio retained by Connecticut when it ceded to the federal government its claims to other western lands in 1786, and settled mostly by New Englanders. The 19-page article measures 6" x 9.25" (15.24 x 23.5 cm).
  3. Cincinnati Public Library Harper's Weekly Article    This article from Harper's Weekly, one of the most popular magazines of the nineteenth century, contains a description of the Cincinnati Public Library's new building. The building was dedicated in February 1874. There are two hand-colored illustrations showing the interior of the library. James W. McLaughlin (1834-1923), a prominent Cincinnati architect who designed the original Cincinnati Art Museum, Shillito's Department Store, and several buildings at the Cincinnati Zoo, designed the Cincinnati Public Library's new building. This article appeared on pages 265 and 266 of Harper's Weekly on March 21, 1874. It measures 8.5" x 11" (21.59 x 27.94 cm).
  4. Ohio Historical and Archeological Society Articles of Incorporation   The articles of incorporation Ohio Historical and Archeological Society document the formation of the society in Columbus, Ohio on March 12, 1885. The mission of the society was the "promotion of Knowledge of Archeology and History, especially of Ohio, by establishing and maintaining a library of books, manuscripts, maps, charts, etc." The articles of incorporation are two pages and measure 10.25" x 17.5" (26.04 cm x 44.45 cm).


1. Explain how people create places that reflect culture, human needs, government policy, current values and ideals as they design and build specialized buildings, neighborhoods, shopping centers, urban centers and industrial parks. Simulated Urban Planning (ODE IMS) Students will explore how the villages and cities in which they live reflect the culture, human needs, values and ideals of their citizens. They will create plans for an ideal city and then reflect on how well they meet the needs and values of American society.
2. Describe the intended and unintended effects of human modifications to physical environment and weigh the costs and benefits of alternative approaches to addressing environmental concerns (e.g., alternative sources of energy, mass transportation systems or farmland and wetland preservation).
  1. Planetfesto

    Although perfect for Earth Day, this site can be used year round. At this site students can learn about dozens of practical ways to save resources and protect the environment. Then they get to create a digital piece of ribbon on which they write why they love the planet and what they will personally do to protect it. Finally, their submission will then join all the others from around the world to create a scrolling ribbon for all to view on the web site.


3. Analyze policies and programs for natural resource use and management considering possible trade-offs between environmental quality and economic growth  
4. Use appropriate data sources and tools to gather, manipulate, interpret communicate geographic information related to civic/global issues.  
1. Compare how values and beliefs influence economic decisions in different communities.  
2. Explain the impact of marginal cost/marginal benefit analysis on decision making. The Difference is in the Margins (ODE IMS) This lesson introduces students to marginal cost/marginal benefit analysis and its impact on decision-making. Students learn how marginal costs and marginal benefits can be determined and compared.


3. Select a current issue; identify the costs and benefits of various choices to determine the impact of personal and social economic decisions on the allocation of productive resources.  
4. Use the circular flow model to explain the flow of money, goods, services and productive resources in the economy.  
5. Identify reasons for and the impacts of multinational economic organizations
a. Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
b. European Monetary Union
c. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)
d. World Trade Organization (WTO)
e. World Bank
Oil, OPEC and You (ODE IMS) Students will examine the reasons for the existence of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). They will consider the impact of this particular multinational economic organization on the world economy.
6. Analyze economic policy decisions made by governments that have resulted in intended and unintended consequences.  
7. Identify public policies that may cost more than the benefits they generate, assess who enjoys the benefits, who bears the cost and explain why the policies exist.  


1. Identify and analyze an issue related to domestic or foreign policy in the United States (e.g., human rights, intervention in conflicts between other countries or health care).  
2. Explain how individuals and groups, both governmental and nongovernmental, influence domestic and foreign policy and evaluate how these actions reflect characteristics of American democracy.
  1. Wisconsin Cartoon Video by:
    Dan Michel

        a.  Answers to video

3. Explain the key arguments made for and against the ratification of the Constitution and illustrate how those arguments influence contemporary political debate  
4. Identify and analyze issues related to the election process in the United States (e.g., election board policies, technology used in elections, media reporting of elecSBtion results).  

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

1. Practice forms of civic discussion and participation consistent with the ideals of citizens of a democratic republic
a. persuasive speech
b. panel discussion
c. debate
2. Evaluate policies that have been proposed as ways of dealing with social changes resulting from new technologies (e.g., censorship of the media, intellectual property rights or organ donation).


3. Analyze relationships and tensions between national sovereignty and international accords and organizations (e.g., international agreements on environmental issues, trade agreements, arms agreements, European Union or NATO).
  1. Egyptian Cartoon Video by: Dan Michel

    a.  Answers to video


4. Explain and demonstrate knowledge of federal and Ohio freedom of information and open meeting laws.  
5. Explain how to file a request for public information using either the appropriate federal or Ohio freedom of information statute.  
6. Prepare a plan of action that defines a community issue and suggest alternative solutions or courses of action based on appropriate criteria. Town Council Meeting - Direct Representation (ODE IMS) Should the town of Grand Forks ban motorized rentals on Howard Lake? Students will explore the political, personal and economic issues involved in making this decision by assuming different roles in a simulation.
7. Analyze the causes, consequences and possible solutions to persistent, contemporary and emerging world problems (e.g., health, security, resource allocation, economic development or environmental quality).  
8. Analyze how democracy, the free flow of information, global economic interdependence or human rights movements can cause change within a country.
  1. Supreme Court Cases You will find a complete lesson using Smart Board Technology.  This lesson was designed to take you and your students from A to Z .  SB   created by Brittany Martin
  2. Egyptian Cartoon-2 Video by: Dan Michel
      a.  Answers to video


9. Compare elements, proceedings and decisions related to the right to a fair trial in criminal and civil courts and describe alternatives to litigation for maintaining order and resolving conflicts within the United States legal system including
a. mediation
b. arbitration
c. alternative dispute resolution
d. plea-b
  1. Video on Freedom of Speech and Litigation.  This videos was created in a 12th grade Government class by  Student:  Anthony Lumpp

Social Studies Skills and Methods

1. Obtain and evaluate information from public records and other resources related to a public policy issue.
  1. The Difference is in the Margins (ODE IMS) This lesson introduces students to marginal cost/marginal benefit analysis and its impact on decision-making. Students learn how marginal costs and marginal benefits can be determined and compared.
  2. Performing a Deed Search   Deeds are legal records of land ownership and transfer. Deeds are prevalent legal documents, in some cases dating back prior to the Revolutionary War. They are widely used by historians and genealogists seeking to establish land use, familial relationships and migration patterns. In some cases, deeds allow researchers to reconstruct entire neighborhoods and towns.
2. Construct an action plan for presenting a position to the appropriate decision-making body.  
3. Research an issue or topic by gathering, recording, evaluating and interpreting relevant data.  
4. Develop a research project and make formal presentations to the class and/or community members using
a. key terms
b. support for main ideas
c. examples
d. statistics and other evidence
e. visual aids
f. formal citation of sources
  1. Overview of the causes of WW1 SB
    This group-work based activity reinforces the main causes of the First World War.
5. Respond to questions and feedback about presentations knowledgeably and civilly.
  1. Treachery on the Titanic  This is a very sharp website that will allow you to think as if you were on the titanic.


6. Build consensus within a group by
a. finding points of agreement
b. identifying points individuals are willing to concede
c. making sure that all voices are heard
d. attempting to understand the view of others
7. Engage in group work on issues-analysis and decision-making
a. identify a problem or dilemma
b. analyze the interests, values and points of view
c. identify causes of the problem or dilemma
d. propose alternative solutions
e. formulate a position or course of action
f. evaluate the consequences of the action taken
Town Council Meeting - Direct Representation (ODE IMS) Should the town of Grand Forks ban motorized rentals on Howard Lake? Students will explore the political, personal and economic issues involved in making this decision by assuming different roles in a simulation.