11th Grade Social Studies


Peoples and Societies Geography Economics Government Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities Social Studies Skills and Methods



(Based on State of Ohio
Curriculum Standards)

1. Evaluate the limitations and the opportunities that result from decisions made in the past including
a. Electoral College
b. direct election of senators
c. income tax
d. length of terms of elected and appointed officials
2. Trace key Supreme Court decisions related to a provision of the Constitution (e.g., cases related to reapportionment of legislative districts, free speech or separation of church and state).  

People in Societies

1. Choose a government policy or program and analyze how it has affected and been received by one or more racial, ethnic or religious groups
a. Indian policies
b. immigration laws
c. segregation policies
d. selective service laws
  1. Gegner's Barbershop  Protest Photographs  These two photographs show the demonstration that resulted in 1964 after a Lewis Gegner, a barber in Yellow Springs, Ohio, refused to cut the hair of African American clients. The two 8" x 10" (20.32 x 25.4 cm) photographs show mass arrests and near rioting on last day of protests. The barbershop is the small brick building with the barber pole on the left side of the photographs. March 14, 1964 saw the culmination of 15 years of effort by local civil rights activists in Yellow Springs to integrate Lewis Gegner's barbershop. Gegner closed his shop and never reopened
2. Identify causes of prejudice and demonstrate ways in which legal protections (including constitutional amendments and civil rights legislation) prevent and reduce discrimination.  
3. Identify and analyze governmental policies that enable individuals of different cultures to participate in the United States society and economy including
a. naturalization
b. voting rights
c. racial integration
d. affirmative action
  1. Zigmond Kozma Naturalization Documents  These documents relate to the naturalization of Zigmond Kozma, who became a citizen on January 21, 1921. First is his declaration of intent, dated January 15, 1917. The second, two-page document is his petition for naturalization, which granted Kozma United States citizenship. Both documents measure 18" x 12" (45.72 x 30.48 cm).  Zigmond Kozma (1904-1949) was born in Cocke, Hungary and immigrated to the United States on May 14, 1904. Kozma lived in Millfield, Ohio with his wife and seven children and worked as a coal miner.
4. Explain how the United States has been affected politically, economically and socially by its multicultural diversity (e.g., work force, new ideas and perspectives, and modifications to culture).  


1. Explain how government decisions reflect a society’s values about land (e.g., zoning, park development or toxic waste disposal).  
2. Analyze and evaluate the consequences of a governmental policy that affects the physical characteristics of a place or region.  
3. Compare and evaluate alternative public policies for the use of land and natural resources at all levels of government.  
4. Identify and analyze the changing political geography at the local, state, national and international levels including
a. annexation
b. zoning
c. congressional reapportionment
d. changes in international boundaries


1. Explain the effects of shortages, surpluses and government-enforced controls on prices.  
2. Explain ways that people respond to incentives when allocating their scarce resources in their roles as producers, consumers, savers, workers and investors.
3. Explain the impact of inflation on economic behavior.
  1. What Was the Inflation Rate Then?
    This site produces a table of values giving you the annual inflation rate for each year in whatever range you enter from the 1600's to present day. You can get the data for either the U.S. or Great Britain.
  2. Long Bill Painting  The Long Bill, painted in Cincinnati in 1840, records with good-natured humor the encounter between the unsophisticated customer distraught by the high cost of groceries and the disdainful shopkeeper who bears the bad news. This subject had special meaning in 1840, when rampant inflation was one of the central issues of the presidential campaign. In this regard, the painting functions as a political allegory. The customer may represent Ohioan William Henry Harrison, whom Beard ardently supported, and the shopkeeper his opponent, the incumbent from New York, Martin Van Buren, who was pegged a dandy. The painting measures 30.37 by 24.87 inches (77.2 by 63.2 cm). 
4. Describe the functions of the components that make up an economic system and describe the relationships among them including
a. business
b. productive resources
c. financial institutions
d. government
e. consumers
5. Identify factors that cause changes in economic growth including the effects of supply and demand on the labor market.  
6. Identify indicators that provide information to consumers on the current value or purchasing power of money with a focus on the
a. Consumer Price Index
b. unemployment rate
c. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Relative Value in U.S. Dollars  
What to see how much the value of a dollar has changed? This web site lets you pick any dollar amount and two years (from 1790 to the present), then calculates for you the difference in the dollar value between those two years. The caluclation can be made in any of five ways including CPI, GDP deflator, Unskiller wage, GDP per capita, and relative share of GDP.
7. Explain how countries use their comparative advantage to produce goods and services for trade with other countries.  
8. Explain the effects of specialization, interdependence and trade on the United States and other countries.  
9. Explain how changes in exchange rates affect consumers and producers. What Was the Exchange Rate Then?  
This web site provides you with the exchange rate between the U.S. and any country you pick from 40 choices. You can pick a range of years from 1913 to the present to be displayed.
10. Analyze issues related to the use of different types of taxes to fund public goods and services including
a. proportional tax
b. progressive tax
c. regressive tax
11. Explain why incomes will differ in the labor market depending on supply and demand for skills, abilities and education levels.  
12. Explain the role of individuals in the economy as producers, consumers, savers, workers and investors.  
13. Explain the consequences of the economic choices made by individuals and the tools which they use to manage their financial resources including
a. budgets
b. savings
c. investments
d. credit
e. philanthropy
14. Describe how interest rates affect savers and borrowers. What Was the Interest Rate Then?  
This web site gives you the U.S. (or U.K.) interest rate for six different series. You can pick any range of years from the 1800's to the present to be displayed.


1. Analyze the actions of the United States government and evaluate the to which those actions reflect characteristics of American democracy and help to serve the public good.  
2. Explain, using examples, how political parties, interest groups, the media and individuals influence the policy agenda and decision-making of government institutions.  
3. Describe the changing relationships among the branches of the national government, and evaluate applications of the principles of separation of powers and checks and balances for serving the public good and protecting individual rights.  
4. Describe the changing relationship among the levels of government in the United States federal system, and evaluate applications of the principle of federalism for serving the public good and protecting individual rights.  
5. Explain the major responsibilities of the federal government for domestic and foreign policy including powers of each branch of the government.  
6. Explain the functions of local and state governments in Ohio and how their powers are derived from the Ohio Constitution.
  1. Athens City Council Minutes  Selections from the 1826 Athens City Council minutes illustrate living conditions in the early nineteenth century and show the role of local government at that time. The Ordinance Relative to Swine exacts a fine of twenty five cents for each animal found running at large. The Ordinance Relative to Sheep prohibits any individual from having more than twelve sheep running the streets of Athens at any time. The selection is three pages long and each page measures 7.71 x 12.79 inches (19.58 x 32.48 cm).
  2. Centerburg Ordinance Book  The first volume of the Centerburg, Ohio ordinance book contains 250 pages and dates from 1885-1915. Selections from the volume are included here. The ordinance found on pages 37 through 41 dictates the duties of the mayor of Centerburg. Ordinance number five on page 80 dates from 1882 and regulates the use of horses and other animals in Centerburg. Ordinance number eight on pages 83 and 84 requires all able-bodied men between the ages of 25 and 55 to do two days labor on the streets or pay three dollars to the street commissioner. This ordinance is from 1882. The ordinance on pages 93 to 96 is from 1885 and establishes a volunteer fire department. The book measures 9" x 14" (22.86 x 35.56 cm).
7. Explain the philosophical foundations of the American political system as outlined in the Declaration of Independence, the United States Constitution and the Federalist Papers with emphasis on the basic principles of natural rights.  
8. Compare and analyze the powers granted to the national and state governments in the federal system with emphasis on
a. concurrent powers
b. reserved powers
c. implied powers
d. expressed powers
  1. Smart Board Lesson Created by:  Thomas E Menches  SB
9. Explain how interpretations of the basic principles found in the United States Constitution have changed over time.
  1. Equal Protection Under the Law: A WebQuest on the Supreme Court Have you ever wondered how the United States Supreme Court makes its decisions? You are about to become a Supreme Court justice, entrusted with the power to make the final decision upon a controversial case. Your opinion will become law in this country.
10. Explain the importance of the privilege of habeas corpus and of the constitutional prohibitions against bills of attainder and ex post facto laws.  
11. Explain the role of elections and political parties (including third parties) in facilitating the democratic process.  
12. Describe the ways in which public officials are held accountable for the public good including ways they can acquire and lose their offices with emphasis on
a. appointments
b. primary and general elections
c. the Electoral College
d. recall
e. impeachment
  1. Ballot for 1892 Presidential Electors  This ballot was created for the people of Parkman, Maine to elect presidential electors during the 1892 campaign. Under the electoral college system, citizens vote for electors, who in turn vote for a specified party's candidates for president and vice president. The candidate who receives the most votes from the electoral college becomes president. Benjamin Harrison and Whitelaw Reid, both natives of Ohio and graduates of Miami University, were the Republican candidates. There is an error on the ballot listing Weaver and Field as candidates of both the People's Party and the Union Labor Party. The ballot measures 11.63 x 7.84 inches (29.54 x 19.91 cm).
13. Explain the use of the initiative and referendum in the government of Ohio.
  1. Akronite News Magazine, Featuring Ophelia Averitt  This October 1964 edition of The Akronite, an African American monthly news magazine published from 1963 until 1965, features Akron activist Ophelia Averitt as "Woman of the Month." Averitt was a community activist for many years, and was elected president of the Akron chapter of the NAACP. It also includes an article on Akron's Charter Amendment, a voter initiative to overturn a fair housing law passed by the Akron City Council. The magazine is approximately 15 pages; the first four pages are represented here. It measures 4.5" x 5.5" (11.43 x 13.97 cm).

Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities

1. Analyze historical and contemporary examples of citizen movements to bring about political change (e.g., Mothers Against Drunk Driving [MADD], NOW, Common Cause, NAACP and Eagle Forum).
  1. Susan B. Anthony Letter to Frances Casement Regarding Suffrage Leadership  This four-page letter dated January 29, 1904 is typed on National Woman Suffrage Association letterhead. Writing to Frances Casement in Painesville, Ohio, suffragist Susan B. Anthony thanks her for placing Anthony's History of the Woman Suffrage Movement in the local library. Anthony writes about the activities of Ohio suffrage leader Harriet Taylor Upton and remarks on the "good many young people" who will be able to take over the fight for suffrage (voting rights). The letter measures 8.5" x 11" (21.59 cm x 27.94 cm).
  2.  Susan B. Anthony Letters to Frances Casement Regarding Suffrage Petitions                    In these two letters, dated February 27, 1884 and June 1887, suffragist Susan B. Anthony advises her friend Frances Casement on the workings of the Ohio Woman Suffrage Association. The goal of the association was to secure voting rights for women. In the 1884 letter, Anthony writes that suffrage petitions should be handwritten rather than printed and offers Casement a sample petition on the back of her letter. The letters are four pages each and measure 5.5" x 8.5" (13.97 x 21.59 cm).
2. Choose an effective method of citizen participation in the policy process and identify the level of government and person or agency with jurisdiction for a particular set of circumstances.  
3. Explain how an individual participates in primary and general elections including
a. registering to vote
b. identifying the major duties, responsibilities and qualifications required for a particular position
c. becoming informed about candidates and issues
d. declaring or changing party affiliation
e. obtaining, marking and depositing a ballot
4. Compare the rights of citizens and resident aliens.  
5. Explain the meaning and importance of each of the rights guaranteed under the Bill of Rights and how they are secured through
a. legislation
b. the role of the judiciary in upholding rights
c. the role of citizens exercising their rights
6. Explain how citizenship includes the exercise of personal responsibility and active participation in a democracy including
a. behaving in a civil manner
b. being fiscally responsible
c. accepting responsibility for the consequences of one’s actions
d. practicing civil discourse
e. becoming informed on public issues
f. voting
g. taking action on public issues
h. providing public service
i. serving on juries

Social Studies Skills and Methods

1. Identify a current public policy issue and arguments relative to the issue.  
2. Determine criteria by which arguments will be judged.  
3. Identify advocacy groups and obtain public policy information they produce.  
4. Adjust a research question or topic based on information obtained while conducting research.  
5. Choose a position on an issue and develop a rationale for that position.  
6. Critique the conclusions drawn from survey and research data by questioning
a. sample size
b. demographics
c. the sponsoring organization
d. logic of the conclusions reached
7. Identify appropriate tools for communicating a position on an issue (e.g., electronic resources, newsletters, letters to the editor, public displays and handouts).  
8. Apply the processes of persuasion, compromise and negotiation to the resolution of conflicts and differences